Friday, 30 November 2018

Nepal's pervasive Corrupt Bureaucracy Culture

Corruption is a social evil and devil since it is considered the virus of human mind and society which is pervasive in nature. In order to understand the corruption first of all we have to learn to explore and understand how corrupt attitude and behavior generates in an individual human being. Exploring to learn about human attitude and behavior in order to change oneself to change others I read many books written by different authors, scientists, psychologists, psychoanalysts, spiritual and religious leaders and gurus and others  relating to it. Then I came to realized and understood that corrupt attitudes and behaviors of human beings first generates within oneself mind with thoughts which is the seed of human behavior and that thoughts whether intentional or unintentional generate human behaviors and actions. In 24 hours period on an average 70,000 thoughts generate in an adult mind. Most of these thoughts are like a wind and river or stream water it comes and goes but we are unknown of it.
However, on the thoughts that generate in human mind if woven with the indoctrinate belief that has been imposed on them unintentionally and indirectly while they are in their early life of a human in mother's womb by our mother or parent and surrounding social environments and after the birth of an innocent and ignorant baby same will be continued throughout the life then whatever it has been downloaded in their mind will remain as a memory. That memory ideas woven in the free flow thoughts of an individual person's mind shaped their views and perspectives of their lives.
In the context of Nepal, ruling color, class, creed and caste people have been found to have their social culture and belief system are itself very much corrupt from where Nepal corrupt culture established. Nepalese and Indian ruling color (white), class (hierarchical top most occupational job), creed (Hinduism) and caste (Brahmin) major sources of ideas and knowledge are very much corrupt in itself if anyone analyze critically without any prejudice in our mind. Nepalese and Indian societies great source of knowledge and ideas are scripture based. These include Ramayan, Mahabharat, Manusmriti, Puran, Upanished and others that were conceived by corrupt mind thinking that male sex is a supreme powerful being than female and only white color that is assigned to Brahmin is the superior color than others such as Red-Kshatriya, Brown-Vaisya, and Black-Sudhra. Similarly, educator, priest, adviser and administrator roles that are assigned to Brahmin are the topmost tasks other than being a ruler and warrior assigned to Kshatriya;  merchant, trader and farmer assigned to Vaisya; and servant assigned to Sudhra. Likewise, among the creeds that were coined in Indian soil such as Vedism, Brahmanism, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism it is considered that only Brahmanism Hinduism is the top most because being a superior color white assigned to Brahmin and priesthood role assigned to Brahmin they are only responsible to teach, educate and preach holy scripture knowledge and perform ritualistic ceremonial activities in Hinduism. Based on such thoughts and belief the Law of Manu known as "Manusmriti" has classified Brahmin the top most caste, followed by Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudhra which is considered the lowest, poorest, uneducated, and untouchable. Being a conscious wise human being compared to other animals such thinking, feeling and perspective only can be generated in corrupt mind considering self superior and others inferior. It is the mindset of people who think and believe that "I am a super and duper" and "You are nothing in front of me." Isn't such mindset is itself corrupt? Such mindset people have been dominating in Nepalese society in the top most bureaucratic system including three pillars of the government's governing system-executive, legislative and judicial. Therefore, how anyone can be honest and moral in their thoughts and actions by being free from such corrupt attitudes and behaviors that have been imprinted in their mind from mother's womb to tomb in Hindu society, which is beyond the imagination of non-Hindu people of Nepal and India.
If a person belief system itself has defect or fault and promotes corrupt, ill, dishonest and immoral thoughts, ideas, attitudes and behaviors then how that person can be honest, descent, moral and non-corrupt and establish corrupt free society. I just wonder and ponder because we are what we think, which has proven from spiritually, psychologically and scientifically.
Yesterday on 29 November 2018, when I came across with the news report of the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority published in the Annapurna Post on heading "Main responsible for corruption is political parties" it was not surprised to know that 65.5% corruption is found at government's Land Revenue, Improvement and Measurement Office (Malpot, Bhumi Sudhar Tatha Napi Karyalaya), 44% corruption at governmental development work in which Construction companies involved, 37.7% corruption at Transportation Management Office, each 17% corruption at District Administrative Office, and Internal Revenue Office,  13% corruption at District Education Office, 7% corruption at Ministry of Health Office, and 2% at Counselling Service. Similarly, the corruption was found to be pervasive rampant among political parities and their affiliated people showing 25.5% followed by 17.2% among mediators, contractors and technical service providers to the bureaucratic system of Nepal. 
Of the seven provinces of the country based on present federal structure the most corrupt in terms of Land Revenue, Improvement and Measurement was found to be province no. 5 (85%) followed by Province 2 and Gandak province (69%) respectively, province no. 1 (67%), Province no. 3 (56%), Farwestern province (54%) and least corrupt was found to be Karnali Province (52%). This is just the tip of the iceberg of social evil and devil virus that is very much pervasive in Nepalese social system from top to bottom and bottom to up which hardly anyone can eliminate and treat since it has been embedded in a genetic structural of ruling color, class, creed and caste where someone hardly found to be honest, moral and fights for human rights in establishing just society unlike some Jewish people do despite they are also considered god gifted people thus considered self as a Brahmin of the western world. 
Annapurna post news article in Nepal is as follow:
"अख्तियार दुरुपयोग अनुसन्धान आयोगले भ्रष्टाचारको मुख्य कारक राजनीतिक दल भएको निष्कर्ष निकालेको छ। सरकारी कार्यालयमा हुने अनियमितता, भ्रष्टाचार र घुस लेनदेनको मुख्य जिम्मेवार पक्ष दल र तिनका कार्यकर्ता भएको आयोगको अध्ययनमा पाइएको छ।
अध्ययन अनुसार भ्रष्टाचारका घटनामध्ये २५.५ प्रतिशतमा राजनीतिक दल र कार्यकर्ता जिम्मेवार छन्। १७.२ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचारमा भने मध्यस्थकर्ता, ठेकेदार र प्राविधिक जिम्मेवार छन्। त्यस्तै सबैभन्दा बढी भ्रष्टाचार हुने कार्यालय मालपोत, भूमिसुधार तथा नापी हुन्। यिनलाई अख्तियारले भ्रष्टाचारका लागि संवेदनशील कार्यालय भनेको छ। यी कार्यालयमा हुने काममध्ये ६५.५ प्रतिशतमा भ्रष्टाचार हुने पाइएको छ। सबैभन्दा बढी प्रदेश ५ का नापी, भूमिसुधार र मालपोतमा भ्रष्टाचार हुने देखिएको छ।
यी कार्यालयमा प्रदेश १ मा ६७.४, प्रदेश २ मा ६९, प्रदेश ३ मा ५६.६, गण्डकी प्रदेशमा ६८.७, प्रदेश ५ मा ८५.१, कर्णाली प्रदेशमा ५२.० र सुदूरपश्चिममा ५४.४ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको अध्ययनमा उल्लेख छ। यसमध्ये पनि सबैभन्दा धेरै घरजग्गासम्बन्धी कारोबारमा भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ।
विकास निर्माणका काममध्ये ४४ प्रतिशतमा भ्रष्टाचार हुन्छ। निर्माण व्यावसायी संलग्न भई हुने विकास निर्माणमा धेरै भ्रष्टाचार हुने देखिएको छ। यसमा पनि प्रदेश ५ मै सबैभन्दा बढी भ्रष्टाचार हुन्छ। प्रदेश १ मा १९.४, प्रदेश २ मा १०.५, प्रदेश ३ मा ४०.४, गण्डकी प्रदेशमा ५१.३, प्रदेश ५ मा ६०.४, कर्णाली प्रदेशमा ३३ र सूदुरपश्चिममा २८ प्रतिशत विकास निर्माणमा भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ।
तेस्रो धेरै भ्रष्टाचार हुने कार्यालय यातायात व्यवस्था कार्यालय हो। सवारी साधान र चालक अनुमतिपत्रमा बढी भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ। यातायात कार्यालयमा ३७.७ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचार हुन्छ। प्रदेश १ को यातायात व्यवस्था कार्यालयमा १९.४ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ। त्यस्तै, प्रदेश २ मा १०.५, प्रदेश ३ मा ४०.४, गण्डकी प्रदेशमा ५१.३, प्रदेश ५ मा ६०.४, कर्णाली प्रदेशमा ३३, सुदूरपश्चिम प्रदेशमा २८ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचार भएको अख्तियारको प्रतिवेदनमा उल्लेख छ।
जिल्ला प्रशासन कार्यालयमा हुने काममध्ये २८.५ प्रतिशतमा भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ। नागरिकता, राहदानी बनाउनेदेखि न्यायिक कार्यमा समेत भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ। विभिन्न सिफारिसमा प्रशासन कार्यालयमा घुसको लेनदेन हुने गरेको छ। प्रशासनमा प्रदेश १ मा २.७, प्रदेश २ मा २२.८, प्रदेश ३ मा २०.२, गण्डकी प्रदेशमा ६२, प्रदेश ५ मा ६४.८, कर्णाली प्रदेशमा २.५ प्रतिशत र सुपमा ५.५ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ।
आन्तरिक राजस्व कार्यालयमा १७.१, साविकको जिल्ला शिक्षा कार्यालयमा १३.२, स्वास्थ्य कार्यालयमा ८.३ र परामर्श सेवामा २.१ प्रतिशत भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ। प्रतिवेदन अनुसार साविकको जिल्ला शिक्षा कार्यालयमा विद्यालय भवन निर्माण, शिक्षक नियुक्ति, सरुवा समेतमा भ्रष्टाचार हुने गरेको छ।
तीन महिनामा ४१ स्टिङ, ८५ मुद्धा
अख्तियारले पछिल्लो दिनमा स्टिङ अपरेसनलाई तीव्रता दिएको छ। चालू आर्थिक वर्षको पहिलो तीन महिनामा ४१ वटा स्टिङ अपरेसन गरिएको छ। झुठा शैक्षिक योग्यता प्रयोग गरेर जागिर खाइरहेका ३० जना विरुद्ध अख्तियारले मुद्दा दायर गरेको छ। त्यस्तै, सरकारी रकम हिनामिना, अकूत सम्पत्ति र राजस्व हिनामिना १/१ र अन्य ७ वटा मुद्दा दायर भएको छ।
जिल्ला सरकारी वकिल कार्यालय रूपन्देहीका उपन्यायाधिवक्ता कोषहरि निरौला ८० हजार घुससहित पक्राउ परेका छन्। उच्च अदालत कास्कीका सहन्यायाधिक्ता सुरेन्द्रबहादुर थापालाई पाँच लाख घुससहित पक्राउ गरियो। प्रहरी महानगरीय वृत्त बौद्धका इन्चार्ज एवं डीएसपी श्यामकुमार राई पनि घुससहित पक्राउ परे। त्यस्तै, कम्पनी रजिष्ट्रार कार्यालयका उपरजिष्टारद्वय धर्मराज रोकाय र गंगाधर पौडेलविरुद्ध मुद्दा दायर गरिएको छ।
अख्तियारले ८५ वटा मुद्दा विदेश अदालतमा दायर गरेको सहायक प्रवक्ता मदन कोइरालाले जानकारी दिए।"
1. Kafle, S. 2018. भ्रष्टाचारको मुख्य जिम्मेवार राजनीतिक दलहरू accessed from

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