Although Nepal government commits ending all forms of discriminations and oppression created by the feudal, autocratic, centralized and unitary system embracing multi-caste, multi-lingual, multi-cultural and diverse geographical specificities, by ending discriminations relating to class, caste, region, language, religion and gender discrimination including all forms of racial untouchability, in order to protect and promote unity in diversity, social and cultural solidarity, tolerance and harmonious attitudes, we also express our determination to create an egalitarian society on the basis of the principles of proportional inclusion and participation, to ensure equitable economy, prosperity and social justice , however, in practice and reality it is different.
In Nepal Constitution promulgated in 2015 states in its article 16 about Right to equality: (1) All citizens shall be equal before law. No person shall be denied the equal protection of law. (2) There shall be no discrimination in the application of general laws on the grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical conditions, disability, health condition, matrimonial status, pregnancy, economic condition, language or geographical region, or ideology or any other such grounds. (3) The state shall not discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters. Provided that nothing shall be deemed to bar the making of special provisions by law for the protection, empowerment or advancement of the women lagging behind socially and culturally, Dalits, Adibasi, Madhesi, Tharus, Muslims, oppressed class, backward communities, minorities, marginalized groups, peasants, laborers, youths, children, senior citizens, sexual minorities, persons with disability, pregnant, incapacitated and the helpless persons, and of the citizens who belong to backward regions and financially deprived citizens including the Khas Arya.
However, this like an elephant's truck that is just to show but in reality for chewing it has different teeth inside the mouth that bites but hides.Although it is against the Constitution of Nepal 2015 to discriminate, humiliate and oppress any Nepali citizen but in practice it is just the other way around because in the executive, judiciary and legislative systems of Nepal Khas Arya is the one who rule, fool and bull Madhesi and indigenous tribal community known as Shetamagurali (Sherpa, Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Rai and Limbu) people of Nepal. In the recent incidence taken in high himalaya district of Nepal police brutally treated shouting, torturing, detaining and even killing some of the them.
"The police repeatedly shouted derogatory and provocative comment at locals: “Saaley bhote haaru lai ek ek gari maar din chu, we will kill you Bhotes one by one.” Bhote is a pejorative used against the highlanders, suggesting that they are Tibetans, and therefore not Nepali.
Ngawang Tenzin recounts bitterly how during his detention, the police inspector in charge of the APF yelled at him in English: “This is Nepal. But it is not your country.”
Ebi Tsewang, 85, vividly describes the traumatic impact of the police actions that night.
The 13 who were detained, and tortured, were released the following day on the condition they sign their names on a document stating that the death of a local was not caused by police beating. The group included women and those who could neither read nor write."
The assumption that Dolpöpas are not Nepali people is akin to discrimination against people of Terai, where the Madhesis are dismissed as Indians. Despite Nepal’s cultural and ethnic diversity and move towards federalism, the idea of a monocultural national identity persists. This continues to shape behaviors towards the ethnic “other,” particularly from local senior bureaucrats and members of the security forces.
Mid-lander Khas Arya whose ancestors migrated from India in ancient time always use derogatory and pejorative term "BHOTE" to indigenous tribal population of Nepal living in Himalaya. These include Mongolian or Asian/Chinese looking people whose nose is shorter, eyes are smaller and don't hold POWER in mainstreaming government system, for example, Sherpa, Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Rai and Limbu known as Shetamagurali.
Although the term Bhote usually has been using as a derogatory, provocative and pejorative by rulers and ruling colour, class and caste (Khas-Arya) however, I easily digest it because I know why they have been using it and its connotation to them is Brave, Big, Bold, Strong, Honest and Healthy. This is the reason WHY in Nepal when Khas Arya people say
Bhote ko Bachcha that suggests Healthy Big Baby;
Bhote Kukur, indicating Big Tibetan Mastiff Dog;
Bhote Talcha, referring to Strong Pad Lock
Bhote Glass, indicating Big Glass
1. Government of Nepal, 2015. Constitution of Nepal.
2. Gurung, P. 2017. Police brutality in the Himalaya. Accessed from http://www.recordnepal.com/wire/features/police-brutality-in-the-himalaya-yartsagumba/