Tuesday, 18 December 2012

Sex and Power: Defining History, Shaping Societies in India

I always wonder WHY women are so much devotees to religion and worshipping gods/goddesses. Out of too many gods/goddesses in our society in Nepal being dominated by Hindu religion mainly they workship Lord Shiva. Generally, in the temples we see statue of man-made gods and goddesses but it was so interesting for me to see in the temples as well as watch in TV and movie people are worship black standing things in the name of Lord Shiva, which is Shiva Linga. I was always wondering to know what's this thing called Shiva Linga and Why people are not worshipping Lord Shiva statue instead worshipping Shiva Linga.

Then one day, at the age of around 30 may be when I went to Pashupatinath Temple area then I decided to have a look what exactly there is inside the temple then I noticed the same Linga. And outside of the temple also there are 180 small black stone Shiva Linga. Then I started to rationalize. Okay, Shiva means "Lord Shiva" and Linga means his Penis standing upon Parvati, Lord Shiva's wife "Yoni" (Vulva). Gosh! I could even imagine how innocent people are blindly worshipping Penis of male thinking that it is a GOD.

If general innocent and ignorance mass and women being too much blind devotees of man-made GOD had made by cleaver anicent Indian sages to worshop "PENIS" to think and pray sexual organ of male "Shiva Linga" then what we can anticipate in their mind playing all the time except SEX. I couldn't even imagine this can be done in the name of god and religion by an ancient India sages promoting sex, sex trade and prostitution in India and Nepal.

Indeed! is so-interesting to read a book called "Sex and Power Defining History, Shaping Societies" by an Indian author, environmentalist, writer and scientist Rita Banerji, who is an it is interesting to know that since the ancient time Indian priests and sages had promoted sex writing a holy scriputure called "Kama Sutra". Kama Sutra is an ancient Indian Hindu text widely considered to be the standard work on human sexual behavior in Sanskrit literature written by Vātsyāyana. A portion of the work consists of practical advice on sexual intercourse. It is largely in prose, with many inserted anustubh poetry verses. "Kāma" which is one of the three goals of Hindu life, means sensual gratification or sexual desire, pleasure, sexual fulfillment, or eros, but can more broadly mean desire, wish, passion, longing, pleasure of the senses, the aesthetic enjoyment of life, affection, or love, without sexual connotations, and "sūtra" literally means a thread or line that holds things together, and more metaphorically refers to an aphorism (or line, rule, formula), or a collection of such aphorisms in the form of a manual. http://intersections.anu.edu.au/issue22/isozaki_review.htm ; without knowing the root cause of the problems only if we are barking to STOP prostitution, girls trafficking for prostitution/sex trade, Gendercide, Female Genocide, Female Feticide, Rape, Sexual Violence, etc it is make any sense.

After knowing detail about an ancient Indian as well as modern Indian socities i.e. from Vedic society to current Democratic society in Rita Banerji in her book dividied in following IV chapters has critically analyse the situation why, when, where and how sexual life and its related politics have been shaped in Hindu society to Genocide women in controlling over there freedom.

Part I-The Vedic Period: Sex as a Sacred Duty;

Part II-The Buddhist Period: Sex as a Prison;

Part III-The Golden Period: Sex as Salvation;

Part IV-The Colonial Period: Sex as Shame; and

Part V-The Democratic Period: A Sexual Paradox.

She started her campaign known as The 50 Million Missing in 2006 to fight and control any bad happening about girls and women in India and globally in relation to SEX in the name of god and religion.


1. The 50 Million Missing Campaign accessed from http://50millionmissing.in http://www.causes.com/causes/74219-the-50-million-missing-a-campaign-against-india-s-female-genocide/actions/1658138?ctm=more_from_cause

2. Female Genocide in India and the 50 Million Missing Campaign by Rita Banerji published on Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific 
Issue 22, October 2009 http://intersections.anu.edu.au/issue22/banerji.htm

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