Sunday, 2 April 2017

Curiosity is crucial for cognitive, intellectual and creative development

Swiss psychologist, philosopher and pioneer in cognitive development research, Dr. Jean Piaget, defined curiosity as "the urge to explain the unexpected." A more intuitive definition is simply "an urge to know more." [1]. Curiosity is so important to learn and grow which we usually see among children. Children ask too many questions that has direct link to their cognative, intellectual and creative development [1. 2].Many parents feel challenge replying their children questions and queries. Thus they usually scold them in stopping to ask questions. Studies by Dr. Michelle M. Chouinard indicate that children ask information-seeking questions that are related in topic and structure to their cognitive development [3]. Children ask question when they encounter a problem with their current knowledge state (a gap in their knowledge, some ambiguity they don't know how to resolve, some inconsistency they've detected), asking a question allows them to get targeted information exactly when they need it [3]. Questions allow children to get information they need to move their knowledge structures closer to adult-like states, the ability to ask questions to gather needed information constitutes an efficient mechanism for cognitive development [3]. However, neglected and broken family children do not ask questions as much as to those children who are in emotionally secured getting love and affection from their parents and caregivers. Developmental psychologist, Dr. Mary Ainsworth, well known for her work on attachment theory among her most notable experiments that one she called the “strange situation” test shows that mothers and their babies, all close to 9 months of age, shared a room and all babies in the room followed their natural instinct to explore, interacting with new adults and engaging in toys [1]. When mothers were asked to leave the room, the babies expectedly grew anxious. While all babies needed reassurance from their mother upon her return, securely attached babies soon went back to learning about their environment. But not all babies were as easily reassured. These babies tended to feel much more distressed when their mothers left the room and took longer to feel reassured upon their mother’s arrival. They were ambivalent about exploring the room again and tended to stay closer to their mothers. Ainsworth concluded that securely attached babies feel safe and confident to continue exploring the world around them. 
Curiosity is a mercurial quality, which rises and falls throughout our life, depending on what we're doing, where we are and who we're with [4]. This is both reassuring and daunting. Reassuring because it turns out that we, as parents, play a big role in the development of our children's curiosity. Daunting because doing so involves a sustained and conscious effort.  
Curiosity starts with the itch to explore. A 1964 study found that babies as young as two months old when presented with different patterns will show a marked preference for the unfamiliar ones [4]. The instinct to explore grows into an instinct for inquiry. Some time after their first birthday, children start to point at things, looking up at their parent as they do so. One of the main reasons babies point is to signal interest, to say, "I want to know about that – what is it?" Before they are able to speak, they are asking a question with their finger.
Children ask too many questions that boredom parents. Study shows that 4-year-olds child will ask up to 390 questions per day [5]. 82% of those questions will be to mothers rather than fathers. It is because when the kid goes to the father, they say Go and ask your mother. This suggests that mother needs to be knowledgeable to educate their child in their early age since mother is considered the first teacher in child's life.
The research found the amount of questions asked by children differs with age and gender, four year old girls being the most inquisitive [5].
As the child grow their curiosity also drops because with age child becomes more knowledgeable along with their experience, education and exposure that is evident from the study that nine-year-old boys are more content with their knowledge, asking 144 questions per day - one every five minutes 12 seconds [5].
As children grow older they seem less curious because of school and societal education they are discourage to ask question [1]. Instead they are encourage to rote and memorise what they had been taught and written in their textbooks. Killing curiosity is easier than nurturing. It has acknowledged that nurturing children's curiosity is hard work [4]. However,  to learn and grow one must be curious as the educational psychologist Daniel Willingham says, when it comes to learning, there's a powerful "rich get richer" effect; the curious kids get more return from the same effort than kids with a lower base of knowledge [4]. That makes learning more satisfying for them, which in turn feeds their curiosity. This could be the reason why Albert Einstein said, "The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing." 
The study shows that the five toughest questions British mothers get asked include [4]
1) Why is water wet? (35%)
2) Where does the sky end? (34%)
3) What are shadows made of? (33%)
4) Why is the sky blue? (20%)
5) How do fish breathe under water? (18%)
In order to face the challenge of toughtest question of own child any girls who are most likely going to be a future mother need to be educated and informed either formally or informally, directly or indirectly so that they can help their future generation from early age by addressing their curiosity to guide them in a direction as they supposed to be destined for their future endeavour for the sake of humanity and prosperity.
"We keep moving forward, opening new doors, and doing new things, because we're curious and curiosity keeps leading us down new paths."
- Walt Disney, an American entrepreneur, animator, and film producer. 

References
1. Datta. N. 2012. Curiosity: How to Nurture the Urge to Know More, access from http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/En/HealthAZ/FamilyandPeerRelations/life-skills/Pages/Curiosity-nurturing-urge-know-more.aspx
2. Chouinard, M. 2007.Children's questions: a mechanism for cognitive development. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 72: vii–ix,  1-112; discussion 113-26, access from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17394580
3. Chouinard, M. 2007. Children's Questions, 1st Edition, Wiley-Blackwell.
4. Leslie, I. 2014. The importance of encouraging curiosity in children, access from 
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/jun/07/importance-encouraging-curiosity-children
5. Telegraph UK, 2013, Mothers asked nearly 300 questions a day, study finds , access from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/9959026/Mothers-asked-nearly-300-questions-a-day-study-finds.html


Thursday, 30 March 2017

Evidence proves that I am a citizen of the world

We usually calm and blame self and else saying I am this and that and I belong to this society, community and my origin is this and that without based on evidence but based on emotion and assertion. However, to delete my confusion, beclouded in my mind and be clear about myself I was curious to know myself who am I microscopically and where is my origin being a human of this world then in 2014 I did my Genome test taking part in the National Geography Geno 2 Project. Here is the result of my Genome Test that shows my ancestor belongs to 4 different places of this world. So, I am one in 4 and four in one person as per my genetic origin.

In common usage, the term Northeast Asia (50% of my genome belong) typically refers to a region including China. In this sense, the core countries constituting Northeast Asia are China, Japan, North Korea, and South Korea. 
Southeast Asia (28% of my genome belong) is geographically divided into two sub-regions, namely Mainland Southeast Asia (or Indochina) and Maritime Southeast Asia.  Mainland Southeast Asia includes: Vietnam, Laos Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma) and Peninsular Malaysia. Maritime Southeast Asia includes: Indonesia, Philippines, East Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore and
East Timor.
Southwestern Asia (17% of my genome came from) is along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in Turkey, Jordan, Israel, and Syria. 
Curosity leaders to clarity. This is my wise people say that we have to be curious to learn and understand ourselves and the our world. My genome result proves that I am a citizen of this world not just one part of the world but whole part of the world from east to west Nepal, north to south.

Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Famines are mostly man-made because of Power hungrier ill minded muscles

Early this morning I woke up at 3:30 AM then checked my email where I noticed that the Transcend.org has circulated the news. Of the many news articles my eye stopped on heading titled "Reality and the US made famine in Yemen" [1]. Without even reading what is inside the news article my sadness aggression expression I posted below on the facebook status because I have been reading historical facts that most of the ill actions and behaviours against humanity had been done by ruling mindset men because of their salivating attitude towards Political Power and Property Gain. I have read about it from across the globe including my homeland Nepal men/males are always after POWER, POLITICS, POSITION and PROPERTY compared to women/females. Reading Philosophers philosophical thoughts as well as Priests, pastors and pundits thoughts and creation such as scriptures we can easily understand that from an ancient time men had conceptualised that nature is female having feminine characteristics. Therefore, they called the nature and the earth as mother. Being a mother, nature does not think and create ill things like famine without any reason and season imposed by masculinity power intervention. Therefore, we can firmly states based on natural forces and characteristics famine is masculine created by men whereas flowering and flourishing are femininity because flowering and flourishing yield food production that prevent famine. This is evident from to date famine that had been created by men and well accepted by intellectual feminine hearten men based on the available evidence that we have.
The statement that I posed on my facebook include:
The human history evidence proves that almost all Famine are man-made in most instance. In Europe there was a famine in 20th Century that were man made because of war fare. Similarly, there was famine in India that was also made by man, British rulers.
The Bengal Famine of 1943 estimated that, out of Bengal's 60.3 million population, between 1.5 and 4 million people died of starvation, malnutrition and disease due to policy failure and war imposed by British rulers. Similarly, the Great Bengal famine between 1769 and 1773 that affected the lower Gangetic plain of India estimated to have caused the deaths of up to 10 million people, failures in the rule of the British East India Company have been cited as turning a severe drought into a famine. Nobel prize winning Indian economist Amartya Sen even describes it as a man-made famine, noting that no previous famine had occurred in India that century.
Holodomor was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed an officially estimated 7 million to 10 million people (other estimates range as low as 2.5 million.
The Three Years of Great Chinese Famine between the years 1959 and 1961 characterized by widespread famine according to Chinese government statistics, there were 15 million excess deaths in this period but Chinese journalist Yang Jisheng concluded there were 36 million deaths due to starvation. This was because of Mao Zedong, chairman of the Chinese communist party socio-economical and political transformation movement in China.
If we dig out the history there are many man made famines BUT the most of the famines are ill intentionally created by invader rulers to other countries. For instance UK and USA had done a lot ill and evil behaviours to kill innocent and ignorant people across the globe using their GOD (Biblical missionaries), GUN (Weapons) and GANG (Soldiers) in Africa and Asia since as early as 17th century.
May they be bless by their KARMIC outcome for now and ever because UK and USA rulers of past and present have been destroying humanity in this world just because of their POWER hungrier and MONEY Monger attitude and behaviour to be supreme in this world to rule, fool and bull human beings.
USA and UK present day charity, humantarian aid and donation to Africa and Asia is NO other than providing just an interest of those stolen treasures and property of these two regions that were stolen by past UK and USA rulers. You can't pay back what you have taken away from these two regions. Therefore, you want be allowed to remain in PEACE in your mind.
BUT definitely you'll always remain in PIECE in your mind because of your past BAD and INHUMANE Karma against innocent and ignorant beings of these two regions who had nothing to do with you western ruling mindset people who LOVE DIVIDE and RULE BUT bear in mind MOTHER NATURE is there to PUNISH you for your ill intention and behaviour.

1. Kathy K. 2017. Reality and the US made famine in Yemen access from https://www.transcend.org/tms/2017/03/reality-and-the-u-s-made-famine-in-yemen/

Monday, 27 March 2017

बुद्ध धर्म गैर वेदिक "श्रमण" संस्कृति परम्पराको देन हो |

राज कुमार सिद्धार्थ गौतम बुद्धकालिन समयमा वेदिक धर्मको भ्रष्ट रुप "ब्राह्मणबाद धर्म" भन्ने थियो भन्ने तथ्य  भेटिन्छ | ब्राह्मणबाद धर्मको सम्बन्ध योग र ध्यान भन्दा पनि दैनिक पुजापाठ, यज्ञ,  कर्मकाण्ड, बलि प्रथा, छुवाछुत प्रथा, परम्परागत अभ्यासहरु जुन अमानवीय, दानवीय प्रथा र संस्कारको जड मान्ने गरिन्छ सोलाई  प्राथमिकतामा  राखेर सोहि गर्नु नै धर्म हो भन्ने  गर्थे ||
तत्कालिन समयमा योग र ध्यान/साधनामा जो पढे लेखेका शिक्षित सचेत सजग ब्राह्मण त्यस्तो कार्यमा लाग्थे त्यस्ता व्यक्तिहरु वैदिक ब्राह्मणबाद धर्मको दैनिक पुजापाठ, यज्ञ, दैनिक पुजापाठ, बलि  र छुवाछुत प्रथाको विपक्षमा थिए | सत्य, तथ्य र यथार्थ ज्ञानको खोजीमा लागेका थिए पृथक ब्राह्मणहरु गैर वेदिक परम्परा "श्रमण" संस्कृति वा परम्परा संस्कृतमा र पाली भाषा "समण" भन्ने गर्छन उनीहरु चाही संन्यास, योग र ध्यान/साधनामा लागेका थिए जुन बुद्धले पछि विस्तारित रुप दिएको हुन् भन्ने प्रमाण छ बुद्ध मार्गी विद्वान ब्राह्मण बुद्धिजीवी विपश्यना (Vipassana) साधनाका गुरुहरुको जस्तै आचार्य श्री सत्य नारायण गोयन्काजीको लगायत अन्य प्राज्ञिक वर्ग र अध्यात्मिकहरुको बुझाई भन्ने प्रमाण भेटिन्छ प्राचीन हिन्दुस्तानको ईतिहासमा |
यस श्रमण (Śramaṇa) परम्पराबाट योग, जैन, बुद्ध धर्मको जन्म भएका हुन् जुन  दैनिक पुजापाठ, यज्ञ, दैनिक पुजापाठ, बलि  र छुवाछुत प्रथाको विरुद्धमा थियो | त्यसैले  पनि बुद्ध र महाबिर को विरुद्धमा कतिपय  ब्राह्मणवादको  प्रतिपादक, पालक र संरक्षणकर्ता बुद्धको ज्ञान र  कृयाकलाप विरोधी थिए  भन्ने  बुझिन्छ जब हामी  तत्कालिन समयमा वा सो भन्दा  पछि ब्राह्मणबादीहरुद्वारा लिखित  धार्मिक शास्त्र, लेख र  ग्रथहरु अध्धयन  गर्ने गर्छौ हामी  पाउने  गर्छौ "बुद्ध चोर हुन्, बुद्धको  अनुयायीहरु सबै चोर हुन्" भन्ने जस्ता अभिव्यक्ति  रामायणमा |
सायद बुद्ध धर्मको उत्पति हुदैन्  थियो होला यदि तत्कालिन समयमा समाजका पढे लेखेका टाठाबाठा शिक्षित शिक्षक गुरु पुजारी हौ हामी  भन्ने गोरा वर्णका "ब्राह्मण" हरुले वैदिक  धर्मलाई भ्रष्ट नगरी अतिबादी  ब्राह्मणबाद धर्मको  प्रतिपादन नगरेको भए बुद्धकालीन अगावै  भन्ने  बुझिन्छ  ऐतिहासिक  दस्तावेज र  घटनाक्रमहरु अध्धयन गर्दा मानवताको लागि |

Saturday, 25 March 2017

Is Vedic Knowledge really good and great for the sake of humanity of all as claimed and asserted?

This above question I posed to myself sometime whenever I come across social issues relating to discrimination, injustice, oppression, suppression, domination, hatred, allegation, claim, blame and assertion hear and read based on skin colour, class, caste and sex in human society. To question self is what I learn to grow and develop from inner to out being a sensible intellectual human being that we considered in a human society. In animal world none of the animal there is suppression, oppression, domination and suffering based on some other animals' claim, blame, assertion and allegation to each other. I found animal world much better than human society because in animal world there is none of the animal has created artificial culture, religion, ideological belief and practices that treat and think other type of animals differently if that do not belong to theirs. But in human society we find all kind of such ill attitude and behaviour shaped by an archaic human mind created body of knowledge and belief products that shaped human society.
I wonder and ponder within myself on the origin and source of the knowledge of Indian and Nepali societies and questioned to myself on the origin of Indian and Nepalese societies knowledge because it has been claimed, asserted and gloried to vedic knowledge by custodian of this knowledge as a very scientific and sacred knowledge. However, in my understanding it has created, maintained, promoted, preserved, prevented and sustained discrimination, oppression, suppression, domination and hatred based on colour, class, caste and sex since vedic philosophical thoughts promulgated in our part of the world that no one can deny if we think deeply from our bottom of heart, head and hands for the sake of humanity rationalising issues and things based on the law of nature, philosophy, science and psychology considering self as an sensible intellectual beings born in this planet to do good and better for one and all till we live and alive to learn and contribute for humanity. 

When we ask some Indian and Nepalese Hindu the meaning of veda then they said, Veda means knowledge in its literal meaning. In fact, they are right in their understanding because that's how the word "Veda" meaning has been conceptualised by ancient Indian learned men in Sanskrit. I love learn to understand how the discrimination has been started on this human society between two sexes: male and female. In my four your of doctorate project titled "Influence of gender power relations in sexual and reproductive health among youth in the Kathmandu valley" I got to understood about it. Not only about discrimination based on sexes I got to understand but also I learned how different skin colours, class, caste, ethnicity, race, religion, ideology, language, culture and region group people had started to treat differently and discriminate in human society across the globe. It is so interesting to learn and share that's why I am sharing through my blog questioning to self about the Indian and Nepalese origin of scripture knowledge "Veda" that is still governing the society in different way but with the similar thoughts as it was almost 3000 years or before.

I love exploring thoughts, ideas, attitudes, behaviours and knowledge from across the human society of intellectual beings that helps to think and realised that Indian and Nepali colour, caste and class system originated from Vedic education system that no one can deny if we dig out and really after fact, truth and reality for the sake of humanity in this two historical diverse geographical region of this world in terms of ecology, economy, education, enlightenment and empowerment.
Always love Indian and Nepali colour, caste and class system that has been instrumentally protected, preserved and promoted by privileged Indian and Nepali colour (white), caste (Brahmin) and Class (Educated) of these two great nations.
Almost all Indian and Nepalese also love India and Nepal's colour, caste and class system that has been protected, preserved and promoted by privileged group of these two countries that has been placing these two nations people based on hierarchy of colour, caste and class that has been keep protecting, preserving and promoting by corporate owners and holders that belong to privileged colour (White), caste (Brahmin) and Class (Educated).
Would you think that privileged colour, caste and class of Nepal and India activism movement for civil rights, human rights, societal reformation, discrimination against gender, sex and caste/class would be really beneficial to historical oppressors, suppressors and sufferers of these two historical nations that has been victimise because of vedic knowledge that preserve, promote and protect Indian and Nepali colour, caste and class system?
I wonder and ponder on these kinds of questions and thoughts in my mind because still today 3000 or more years colour, caste and class system has been very much prevalent due to deeply rooted in societal mindset and Indian and Nepali people genes/DNA since it is the way of life to preserve, protect and promote Indian and Nepali belief system that love colour, caste and class system originated from vedic education system!!! 🤔🙄😳👊

Question on the origin and source of human knowledge and belief !!

"Epistemology is the study of the nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief. It analyzes the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims."-wiki
Indian and Nepalese knowledge and belief origin is Veda and its related scriptures written based on 4 Vedas that everyone agrees.
Similarly, Christians and Muslim origin of knowledge and belief is Bible and Quran that is part of Jewish's Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
Likewise Buddhist origin of knowledge and belief is based on Buddha thoughts partly but mostly among Nepalese is based on Indian Brahmin philosophers of Buddhism, Nagarjuna and Guru Padamsambhav's thoughts and ideas that also very much inflicted by Bonism, an ancient Tibetan societal belief system.
If any human being source of knowledge is their scripture then there is BIG question to pose on for its purity of knowledge and belief for the sake of humanity.
Therefore, there is no purity of knowledge as per the law of nature that human can learn from mother nature based on our experience depending upon our curiosity to learn and challenge our thoughts to change according to the law of nature that always move forward for the growth and development through three processes-evolution, revolution and devolution.

How and Why I became passionate about Midwifery and Sexual, Reproductive and Maternal Health?

We need to write her and his story so that later it would be become mystery what she or he has done in her/his life. Therefore, I thought about writing my own journey on how and why I became passionate about midwifery. There are number of reasons why I became so passionate about midwifery that propel me with perseverance, patience and perspiration to do despite any professional politics draw back. In fact, I love women and the nature because they are the one who give lives on this earth and nature provides everything to sustain life on this earth. Without nature no one can nature on this planet. Similarly, without women there would not be culture to cultivate human society. Both nature and mother are breadth to let us breath on this earth freely and lovingly without putting any terms and conditions on their creation and cultivation.
My passion to work for the improvement of sexual, reproductive and maternal health started immediately after I started by professional career in the public health sector joining a national NGO, "Women's Rehabilitation Centre" (WOREC) in 1996 in which recently this year in January I had been requested by its lead co-founding member, Dr Renu Rajbhandari to be a Board Member. I did not know even had heard about WOREC before but while I was working for Koshi Zonal Hospital in Biratnagar (eastern part of Nepal an hour drive by public bus from my home town, Dharan) after graduated as a Staff Nurse from where I did my clinical nursing practice during my Proficiency Certificate Level Nursing Program as a student from April 1992 to June 1995 (3 years) my by then Campus Chief, Aitu Maya Chhetri requested me to join WOREC because she had been requested by her near and dear friend, Dr Renu Rajbhandari, an Executive Director of WOREC to send a graduate nurse from her campus.
My by then campus chief convinced me saying that if I do not like to work at WOREC I can leave as per my own will anytime. In 1996 this is how I came in contact with the innocent and ignorant Nepali girls and women who were sold and psycho-sexually as well as physically abused, assaulted and exploited in Indian brothels to whom got an opportunity to rehabilitate them for three months as a Rehabilitation Incharge. According to these Nepali young girls and women they were imprisoned for 6 months in India's prison because Mumbai police forces raided the brothels where they were working. of the total 120 girls brought in Nepal by 5 different NGOs challenging government of Nepal 18 girls/women assigned to WOREC for rehabilitation purpose and some of them were pregnant and some were infected with HIV and some had kids as well. I learnt a lot of lessons hearing those innocent and ignorant girls and women stories how they were sold by their own relatives, uncles, brothers, fathers and else luring their young mind and aspiration to see in their bright future that has been darken because of ill minded men and women who were always after MONEY. I also got to learn from them that almost all girls and women in the brothels were forced to practice sex trade NOT by their choice but by chance and challenge to break the silence.
After 3 months rehabilitating those innocent and ignorant Nepalese girls I was transferred to Udhyapur to work for Women's Health Training Centre where I involved in providing sexual and reproductive health training to community women group members and NGO workers across Nepal from east to west. After working almost 2 years in the community setting I left WOREC then joined Paroparkar Maternity and Women's Hospital to gain experience in clinical setting in providing care to childbearing women and their newborns. This provided me an opportunity to learn how childbearing women have been treating by healthcare professionals without any dignity, respect and love. In some instance I was moved to see and hear healthcare professionals attitude and behaviours towards childbearing women and their family members who were mostly socio-economically deprived and marginalised.
While working at the hospital I also got an opportunity to involve in providing Comprehensive Family Planning training to the government healthcare professionals through National Health Training Centre since my passion always remain on sexual and reproductive health soon after I joined WOREC. I also gradually started to learn and understand power politics on sexual and reproductive issues surrounding girls and women.
After gaining three years experience (the minimum requirement to enrol for Bachelor Nursing program) in both clinical and public health setting I decided to pursue my further study in nursing then I enrolled for Bachelor of Nursing program where I did my specialisation in hospital nursing although I was not that much interested to work in clinical setting.
Immediately after completion of my bachelor degree I joined CARE Nepal to work in public health setting again. I was deployed in Mahottari district, a central tarai district with deeply rooted maithili culture domination that always remained backward in health and socio-economic indicators despite having political power at the state level because most of the powerful politicians from tarai district by then belong to that district and became Health Minister several times. For the project I was the only staff and responsible for Polio Eradication Initiative Project where I had to closely work through District Pubic Health system with mothers/women having under 5 children in order to ensure polio complete vaccination to their children. This job provided me an opportunity to learn and understand women's status in the district that has empowered me to do and work for women.
After three years working in Mahottari I decided to pursue my further study in public health then I applied for Australian government scholarship to do Master of Public Health. In my Master of Public Health program I did project on Maternal Health. In order to collect data for my project I came all the way from Australia in my own cost to Mahottari in January 2005 and within 21 days I did survey among 671 women and men to determine maternal health status primarily focusing on prenatal, natal and postnatal period that helped me to understand the status of women's health during childbirth in the district as well as knowledge, attitude and practices relating to it. The finding of my study has provided me further insight that has created deeper interest in me to do something significant in improving women's health in Nepal.
After completion of my study I returned to Nepal in April 2006 then decided not to join NGOs /INGOs to work for development sector in grass-root levels because I realised that my effort to change and challenge status relating to women's status is required at the central level. In that background understanding I joined one private health education institutions and taught Bachelor of Nursing and Bachelor of Public Health where I was not satisfied in what I was doing. Therefore, I was searching for a window of opportunity to do something significant. As I was teaching Reproductive Health to the public health students one day I came across with the government of Nepal policy relating to Safe Motherhood titled "National Policy for Skilled Birth Attendant: Supplementary to Safe Motherhood Policy 1998" that has provided me an insight for what I suppose to do. Then I wrote a concept note to establish the first and only nurse-midwife led private independent birthing centre with the notion of social enterprise for its sustainability in what I am going to do and start for women's health to improve in the country from my level best because working in development sectors with different NGOs and INGOs directly I got an opportunity to see and experience that none of the NGOs/INGOs project activities are sustain despite we talk a lot about sustainaiblity. It is because of the donor driven project approach activities it has to be discontinued after certain period of time which is not an effective approach to change and challenge attitude and behaviour of people within 4-5 years projects which usually we find in a development work. I heard and read about social enterprise and thoughts of putting into real work scenario, therefore, I developed the Birthing Centre's Concept note in that way and shared with my colleagues where I was working as an educator. Some of my nursing educator colleagues were quite interested and three had decided to be on board. Besides, I approached other nurses working at Patan Hospital's Maternity Unit and Paropakar Women's and Maternity Hospital from where I got five senior nurses to be on board. In this way, we were 11 female healthcare professionals who wholeheartedly decided to put my concept of birthing centre into real world practice.Then formally we registered our birth centre in April 2007 and started to provide service from July the same year. The, motivational factors behind establishment of our birthing centre can be explored in detail from my article titled "Factors That Persuaded Nurses to Establish a Maternity Care Centre in Nepal"  published in the Midwifery Today in 2009 [1].
After gaining three years of experiential learning at the birthing centre in 2009 I realised the importance of having one voice of women passionate about midwifery then formed a group of another 11 women involving in providing midwifery service and teaching midwifery .to nursing students that pushed me to take lead role for the establishment Midwifery Society of Nepal that was formally registered in 2010 under the presidentship of by then Associate Professor, Kiran Bajracharya at Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University [2] who has been teaching midwifery subject for nurses. 
After the tireless advocacy to bring midwifery workforce in the country last year in September at the Kathmandu University (enrolled 6 students) and from this year January Nepal Academy of Medical Sciences (enrolled 10 students) have started Bachelor of Midwifery Education program. Last year I hired by the Ministry of Health to help to draft Midwifery Education and Workforce Management which I handed over after a month long exercise on it. Similarly, this year honourable Health Minister, Mr. Gagan Thapa has nominated me to be the part of the committee formed the under chairmanship of Prof. Goma Devi Niraula for the reformation of nursing and midwifery profession in the country. Because of my proven contribution for the upliftment of the status of nursing and midwifery profession in the country recently on 28 March the Government of Nepal has nominated me a board member of Nepal Nursing Council amongst the nurses renowned in nursing profession in which I am a Coordinator of Midwifery Committee. However, the challenge remains now on me to implement what we have been recommended for the Ministry of Health to do submitting the committee report. It is my great pleasure to share with my networks that I won the ICM Research Award 2017 for the proposal titled "Experience of mistreatment of women during childbirth in the peri-urban areas of the Kathmandu valley: A mixed methods study."
I became passionate about midwifery because learning and exploring about women's issues particularly, sexual and reproductive health and gender politics I got to understand that all the women's and men's power lies on reproduction and production. I came to realise that a midwife is the only cadre among healthcare professionals who are competent, compassionate, courageous and caring who challenge to break the silence in healthcare delivery system and whole societal system educating and empowering women for their crucial role in life to produce and reproduce human beings Midwife means with woman who challenge gender stereotype indoctrinated outdated thoughts ideas societal norms and values imposed on women's body and their bodily physiological functions becoming self economically and educationally viable and help to make other women and men to work for the betterment of whole society to live happily and healthily I feel great in what I am doing to bring midwifery workforce in the country to help our mothers and family so that our nation can be prosperous like most developed countries where they have midwives as a respected profession such as in Scandinavian countries where gender gap is very narrow in the world and the United Kingdom, the empire where sun never set.
I feel good in what I am doing and always love to take challenge for change because I am not doing only for my own sake of benefit but I am doing for human society to provide dignified and empowered mothers who can provide healthy and strong new human to our human society. 

Reference
1. Tamang, L. 2009. "Factors That Persuaded Nurses to Establish a Maternity Care Centre in Nepal", Midwifery Today accessed from https://www.midwiferytoday.com/articles/intnepal.asp

2. Tamang, L. 2011. Birth and the Establishment of a Professional Organization in Nepal accessed from https://www.midwiferytoday.com/articles/birthnepal.asp

Who am I known as Laxmi Tamang? 😇

We are what we talk and speak but not we are what we do and think as per the near and dear intellectual, educated and informed friends and people who know me that's why I am what I talk and speak as they said. So funny to learn about my new identity given by some men and women of my near and dear.
I am racist because I talk and freely express my thoughts on racism.
I am casteist because talk and freely express my thoughts castiesm/caste based discrimination.
I am feminist because I talk and freely express my thoughts on discrimination faced by females.
I am sexist because I talk and freely express my thoughts on discrimination based on sexes
I am Maoist/Communist/ Socialist because I write and freely express my thoughts on social justice, social inclusion, equity and equality of oppressors, suppressors and sufferers.
I am Buddhist, Hindu, Christian, and Islam because I talk against religious dogmatic belief relating to Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam that are against humanity and prosperity of human beings and their society including other living things and beings.
There could be more my identity given by my near and dear loved, beloved friends, family members and folly people who see and understand me differently then what I am in reality in my head, heart and hands for the sake of humanity and prosperity of one and all.
In fact, I am what I think, what I eat and what I do NOT I am what I express verbally or written freely based on my level of understanding and consciousness. I hope you got it my near and dear friends. So please don't dare even to think about me to give me your perception based identity. It is your perception on me and my expression based on your level of understanding and consciousness. Therefore, try to increase your psychological health rather than physiological health and well-being to see others.
I am human because I am for humanity and human rights.
I am female that's why I do and care work for sexual and reproductive health mainly targeting to women's health.
I am democrats because I love freedom and democracy rather than Autocracy, Timocracy and Oligarchy.
I am socio-democrats because I am for social justice, social inclusion, social reformation and transformation.
I am naturalist because I am a product of nature therefore after natural things rather than man-made artificial unnatural things and actions.
I am a revolunist because I love the law of nature change process that comprises-evolution, revolution and devolution for the growth and development of this universe, earth and living things.
I am rightist because I love right things and issues rather than wrong.
I am positive because I am made up of atom and love nucleus where proton and neutron reside.
I hope you got it. If not then please so read and explore more about your psychological health and well-being to see what you suppose to see, hear and do for the sake of humanity and prosperity of all and one being sensible intellectual human being.
Dr. Rick Hanson, author of Hardwiring Happiness and Buddha’s Brain, argues that when there is no consistent self, it means that we don’t have to take everything so personally [1]. That is, our internal thoughts are only thoughts and don’t define us. External events are only external events and aren’t happening to us personally. Or as an American Psychologist, Dr Tara Brach says, our thoughts are “real, but not true.


Reference
1. Chandler, L. 2016. Science and Buddhism Agree: There Is No "You" There, access from http://bigthink.com/ideafeed/good-news-science-buddha-agree-theres-no-you

Monday, 13 March 2017

फुटाउ र राज गरेको नीति मानव बौद्धिक नीति, फुटाउ र जुटाउ सृष्टि / प्रकृतिक नीति !!

सृष्टि/प्रकृति को नियममा नै विभाजन भई मिलन हुने छ जुन गलत रुपमा उपयोग गरे तत्कालिन पढे लेखेका शिक्षित बौद्धिक वर्ग, ब्राह्मण भन्नेहरुले जसको फलस्वरूप आजको पुस्ताहरु उनीहरुको पुर्खाको बुद्धिको उपज मनुबादको वर्णवादको शिकार हुदै आई रहेका छन् |
जुन दिन वर्णबाद, लैंगिकबाद, पुरुषबाद, बाहुनबाद र अतिबाद जातिबादलाई आश्रय दिने हिन्दुस्तानी नीति "मनुबाद नीति" विधिपूर्वक नेपाल भूमिमा भित्राए हिन्दुस्तानबाट मुस्लिमहरुको आक्रमणबाट आफ्नो ज्यानको रक्षाको लागि संरक्षण पाउ भनी भागेर आएकी तत्कालिन रानीले आफ्नो नातिनीको लागि जुवाईको रुपमा हिन्दुस्तानबाट भित्राएका जय स्थिति मल्लले ५ जना हिन्दुस्तानी ब्राह्मणहरु: कृतिनाथ उपाध्याय कन्याकुब्जा, रगुनाथ झा मैथिली, श्रीनाथ भट्ट, महिनाथ भट्ट र रामनाथ झाको सहयोग र सल्लाहमा र नेपाल (हालको काठमाडौँ) बासि र भाषीहरुलाई उनीहरुको पेशागत कामको आधारमा मनुबाद नीति अनुसार ४ जात ३६ वर्णमा विभाजन गरी ठुलो चोखो पवित्र जात/वर्ण र सानो आछुत अपवित्र जात/ वर्ण भनेर विभाजन नीतिगत रुपमा गरी "मानव न्याय शास्त्र" नामकको संविधान निर्माण गरे आम नेपालबासि र भाषीलाई नियन्त्रण र कब्जामा राख्न जुन नेपाल (तत्कालिन विभाजित राज्यहरु कृतिपुर, काठमाडौँ, भक्तपुर र पाटन) एकीकरण गरेर पश्च्यात मुसलमान पुर्खा भएको हिन्दुस्तानको भगौडे हस्तीको नाती/पुत्र, पृथ्वी नारायण शाह जसले पाए पुन हिन्दुस्तानी मनुबादी ब्राह्मणहरुको सहयोग, सुझाव र सल्लाह उनीहरुको धार्मिक ग्रन्थको आधारमा उनले सोहि मानव न्याय शास्त्र अध्धयन गरी नेपाल ४ जात ३६ वर्ण मानिसहरुको साझा फुलबारी जुन असली हिन्दुस्तान हो भनेर घोषणा गरेको थियो |
यस बारेमा प्रष्ट रुपमा अध्धयन गर्न पाईन्छ पृथ्वी नारायण शाहको दिव्य उपदेश मा किन कि हिन्दुस्तानमा मुसलमानले ११ औ शताब्दी देखि आक्रमण गरेकोले गर्दा हिन्दुबादलाई स्वाहा पार्दै ईस्लामबाद स्थापना गर्ने क्रम तिब्र रुपमा भएकोले गर्दा तत्कालिन हिन्दुस्तानी मनुबादी ब्राह्मणहरु उनीहरुको महान गुरु आदिशंकराचार्यले मनुबाद ब्राह्मणबाद र बुद्धबादको समिश्रित वैचारिक नयाँ दर्शन सिद्धान्त "हिन्दुवाद" ९ औ शताब्दीमा जुन प्रतिपादित गरी संरक्षण र प्रवर्धन गर्नु पर्छ भन्ने अभियानमा लागेका थिए सो पनि स्वाहा हुने भयो र हिन्दुवाद संरक्षण र प्रवर्धन गर्ने उर्बरा भूमिको रुपमा नेपाल भूमिलाई देखेकोले गर्दा पृथ्वी नारायण शाहलाई उनलाई राजा बनेर नेपाल भुमि मा रही राख्नको लागि तत्कालिन हिन्दुस्तानी भगौटे ब्राह्मणहरुले नेपाल भूमिलाई असली हिन्दुस्तानी हो भनेर घोषणा गर्न लगाएको हुनु पर्छ भन्ने सत्य, तथ्य र यथार्थ बुझिन्छ आजसम्म हिन्दुस्तानका शासक, शोसक र सरकारले नेपालका शासक, शोषक र सरकारलाई दिदै आई रहेको दवाव र अभाव हेर्दा र बुझ्दा मानवताको लागि |
यदि १७ शताब्दीमा अंग्रेजहरु हिन्दुस्तानमा प्रवेश नगरी हिन्दुस्तानमा राजकाज गरी उनीहरुको उपनिवेश नबनाएको भए आजको दिनमा हिन्दुस्तान अफघानिस्तान, पाकिस्तान, बंगलादेश झैँ मुसलमान बाहुल्यता भएको राष्ट्र बन्थियो भन्ने पक्का छ तत्कालीन समयको हिन्दुस्तानको इतिहास अध्धयन गर्दा कसरी ईस्लामबादी बहादुर शाहले दिल्ली कब्जा गरी राजकाज गर्दै आफ्नो ईस्लामबादी शासन सत्ता विस्तार गर्दै आई रहेका थिए हिन्दुस्तानमा भनेर |
नेपाल भुमि भनेको किरातबाद र बुद्धबादको हो त्यसैले जतिसुकै हिन्दुस्तानको मनुबाद ब्राह्मणबाद र बुद्धबाद मिश्रित दर्शन "हिन्दुवाद" लाद्न खोजिएता पनि सो कहिल्यै बलियो रूपमा स्थापित हुन्न किन कि विशुद्ध रुपमा स्थापित भई सकेको छ नेपाल भूमिपुत्रहरुद्वारा स्थापित दर्शन किरातबाद र बुद्धबाद जुन प्रकृतिको सिद्धान्तमा निहित छ | त्यसैले जहिले पनि विजय भनेको प्रकृति माताको सिद्धान्तमा निहित दर्शन र नीतिकै हुन्छ मानवताको लागि | सोहि कारण आजको दिनमा आएर सचेत, सजग, ससक्त, शिक्षित वर्गहरुले पनि विधिको शासन स्थापित हुनु पर्छ भन्ने गरेका पाउने गर्छौ नेपाल भूमिमा |
"के जनताले कोरेको हो विभाजन ? - शंकर लिम्बू, अधिबक्ता, अधिकारकर्मी (फेसबुकबाट सम्भार)
(१) जनुदिन पृथ्वी नारायण शाहले असली हिन्दुस्थान भन्यो, त्यही दिनदेखी हिन्दु र बौद्ध, मुस्लिम, किरात, क्रिश्चियत धर्महरुको वीच विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(२) जुनदिन किर्तिपूरका नेवारहरुको नाककान काटियो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(३) मुलुकी ऐनले जुनदिन तागाधारी र मतवाली (मासिने र नमासिने ÷कमारा कमारी बनाउन मिल्ने र नमिल्न), तागाधारी (खस आर्य कमाराकमारीको मालिक मासिने मतवाली कमारा कमारी) र शुद्ध जाति (तागाधारी) अछुत (दलित) बनायो
त्यही दिन बाट समाज विभाजित भयो ।
(४) जुनदिन भूमि सम्बन्भी ऐन ल्याएर लिम्बु तथा अन्य आदिवासीको जमिन खोसेर सत्ताधारी जातिले खायो र आदिवासीहरु भोकभोकै मर्ने अवस्थामा पुगे त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(५) जुनदिन आदिवासीको थातथलो, खोलानाला, संस्कृति र आस्था र पहिचानका नाम मेट्दै शासकहरुको साँस्कृतिक र पहिचान जनाउने नाम राख्न थालियो त्यही दिन देखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(6) जुनदिन आफ्ना भाषा बोल्न हजारौ जनजातिहरुलाई अपराधी भनी कारबाही गरी भारत निर्वासित गरियो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(७) जुनदिन कुटिकुटि कलिला मातृभाषी नानीहरुलाई स्कुलमा कुटिकुटी "य" माने यज्ञ "क्ष" माने क्षत्री भनी घोकाइयो र नसक्दा फेल पारियो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(८) जुनदिन संविधानले एक जाती, एकदेश, एकभाषा एक भेष भन्यो त्यही दिन देखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(९) जुनदिन गाइखाने समूदायलाई अपराधी बनाउदै सर्वस्व हरण अहिले १२ बर्ष जेल ठोकियो त्यही दिन विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(१०) जुनदिन आदिवासी जनजातिलाई सखाप पार्न पहिलो र दोस्रो विश्वयुद्धमा छात्ति नाप्दै अर्काकोलागि मर्न र मार्न पठाइयो त्यहिदिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(११) जुनदिन काक्रे विहारमा बुद्धको मुर्तिलाई स्थापना गर्न नदिइ, शान्तिबादी भिक्षुहरुलाई लाठीलाएर भगवान बुद्धको मुर्ति खोसी सि डि ओ कार्यलयको ट्वाइलेटमा फालियो त्यहिदिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(११) जुनदिन सरकार, सत्ताधारी पार्टी र प्राधिकरणको टेबुलमा बसेर खेइःहरुले मनोमानी तरिकाले नक्साकोर्दै काठमाडौका नेवाःहरुको घर भत्काउँदै आफना घरमा जाने बाटो बनाए, चिल्ला गाडी गुड्ने सडक बनाए त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(१२) जुनदिन पहिचानको मुद्दाको कुरा गर्दा जालझेल गरी राज्य विरुद्धको अपराधमा बषौं जेलमा केचियो त्यहिबाट विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(१३) जुनदिन शहिदको छोराछोरीको छात्रबृत्ति खोसेर नेताले आफ्ना छोराछोरी विदेश पढ्न पठाए त्यहि दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(१४) जुनदिन आदिवासीले जोगाएर राखेको बनजंगल खोसेर राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज बनाउदै आर्मिलगाएर घर गोठ डडाएर लखेटे त्यही दिनबाट विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
जुनदिन थारुहरुको भूमि सित्तैमा खास्यो त्यतिले पनि नपुगेर उसैलाई कमैया बनायौ । बराबरको अधिकार माग्दा टिकापुर घट्ना घटाई जेलनेल ठोक्यो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(१५) जुन दिन आदिवासीको भूमिमा रहेको खोला काठमाडौमा बसेर आफना नाममा दर्ता गरी विदेशीलाई बेच्यो र विद्युत निकाल्ने नाममा आदिवासी र स्थानीयलाई विना व्यवस्था विस्थापन गरी विचल्ली बनायो त्यही दिन विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(१६) जुन दिन आदिवासी जनजाति, मधेशी, दलित, मुश्लीमले कहिल्र्य चुनाव नजित्ने काननू र संरचना बनायो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(१७) जुनदिन खस आर्य परिभाषा सहित संबैधानिक जाती भए र ७५ प्रतिशत (प्रत्यक्ष वा अप्रत्यक्ष) आरक्षण सुरक्षित गरे । आदिवासी, मधेशी मुश्लिमको परिभाषा गरिएन त्यहीदिनदेखी विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(18) जुनदिन पहिलो संविधानसभा र अन्तरिम संविधान विपरित स्वायत्त र स्वशासन खारेज गरी केन्द्रीकृत राज्य बनायो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(19) जुनदिन नेवाको भूमि सित्तैमा खोसेर सिंहदरबार, नारायण हिटी, टुँडीखेल, युनिभर्सिटि बनायो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(२0) जुनदिन राम प्रसाद राई, रत्न कुमार बान्तावाहरुलाई झुक्काएर मारियो त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो ।
(21) जुनदिनदेखि ३ प्रतिशतको थ्रेस होल्ड लगायौ त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो
(22) जुनदिन मधेशीलाई विहारी, आदिवासीलाई विखण्डनकारी भन्दै रगतको होली खेल्र्या त्यही दिनदेखि विभाजनको रेखा कोरियो |