Wednesday, 22 May 2013

Two paths of knowledge: Reasoning or Obeying!!!


It depends where do we want to go up or down depending upon that we can choose our path of knowledge either scientific or mythological.


A choice is always in our head, heart and hands.

No wonder why we, developing nations mindset are mostly rudimentary compared to developed nation mindset since most of the world scientific innovations and discoveries are done by the western world.



As per your own mind (curious or dull, inquisitive or not) and interest whether or not you like to question choose your path of knowledge thoughtfully and accordingly. 
If you don't like questioning or hate questioning or just want to obey the rules and regulation formulated by clever mind then choose Religion. 

If you love exploring and want to find out depth of knowledge and reason behind each and every creation either nature or man than choose science.


However, there is no need to be extremist either or taking one side. 


If we are thoughtful and wise enough then we can learn to balance between two knowledge creation since nothing is 100% in this universe. 

Everything is yin and yang, 50/50, shiva and shakti, masculine and feminine, sun and moon, dark and light, hot and cold, and so forth as per the mother nature creation. 

Even scientific knowledge is always evolving as per the time and mind demand of inquisitive thoughts and even some scientific findings are intellectually corrupt as well. 

We've to learn to understand that 

"Science can purify religion from error and superstition. Religion can purify science from idolatry and false absolutes."
 - Pope John Paul II 

"Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind."
 - Albert Einstein 

      
“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.”
 - Buddha 


I was always skeptic towards gods because when I was a young I didn't know to which god to ask for help when I was in difficult situation and need some support. 

Such confusion, doubt and skepticism came into my mind because when I was a child around 10 years I knew that there is a Allah for muslim, 33 koti (type) gods for Hindu, Buddha to Buddhist, Jesus for Christian and no god for Chinese. 

Then I always thought that if there is just one sun, one moon, and one universe then HOW come and WHY there are so many gods who created this world/ the planet including sun and moon.

Similarly, people used to say these my children are god gifted and I was always bit skeptic thinking that how come god gifted. If god would have given children then why unmarried/never married man and woman don't give birth to a child and only after marriage they give a birth. 

Likewise, my friends used to fast to get good husband but didn't see finding good husband by them as they prayed and worshipped for. 

Moreover, I didn't see god helping man-made poor people!

These questions and my observations contradicted between god and reality always that have strike in my mind. That's why I didn't believe in any man-made God blindly without getting any satisfactory answers.


In my understaning, learning, understanding, reasoning and following the Middle path are the best approach in life if we truly want humanity, peace, social justice and prosperity of everyone. 

Extremist of holding one ideological thoughts and beliefs either religious, scientific, philosophical, political, economical or else thinking that "My Way Is Highway and Others are shit" are the real problem creators in this world. 

Human beings are science: WHY believe in Myths ?


Human body is made up of chemical substances.

Therefore, human beings are scientific creature.

But funny to know that majority of god soldiers and godmen don't realise this and hate scientific knowledge and strongly believe on mythological knowledge without any evidences and become emotional whenever someone raise issues about it with reasons based upon scientific evidences and hurt themselves with their own Ignorance.

Who cares such people who want to hurt themselves because of their regressive, stationary closed and programmed mind!!

Anyway,  isn't it fascinating to know that on our planet we can find calcium every where and hence nature has utilized this in our bone. Similarly we can find the 75% of water in every tissue and blood this also can be explained on the basis of presence of ample amount of water.


About 25% of bone tissue is water, another 25% is made up of protein fibers like collagen. The other 50% of bone tissue is a mixture of mineral salts, primarily calcium and phosphorous.

The average adult’s weight is made up of about 2% calcium. Most of this is found in the skeleton and teeth – the rest is stored in the tissues or blood. Calcium is vital for healthy teeth and bones. It also plays a crucial role in other systems of the body, such as the health and functioning of nerves and muscle tissue.

Calcium is essential for strong bones and teeth. Calcium deficiency can lead to disorders like osteoporosis (brittle bones). Good sources of calcium include dairy foods and calcium fortified products such as soymilk and breakfast cereals. Calcium is especially important for young children, teenagers and older women.

Good sources of calcium include dairy foods such as Milk and milk products, Leafy green vegetables,  Soya and Tofu, and Nuts and seeds.

People at different life stages need different amounts of calcium – young children, teenagers, pregnant women and older women all have greater than average requirements.

According to the Australian Nutrition Survey, about 90% of women and 70% of children do not achieve the recommended dietary intake (RDI) for calcium. It is much better to get calcium from foods than from calcium supplements. Be guided by your doctor about whether you need additional supplements. Too much calcium (2,000mg or more) from supplements may cause other health problems.

The role of calcium:

Calcium plays a role in:
Strengthening bones and teeth
Regulating muscle functioning, such as contraction and relaxation
Regulating heart functioning
Blood clotting
Transmission of nervous system messages
Enzyme function.

Source:
Better Health Channel, Victory state Government, Australia

Tuesday, 21 May 2013

Learn to be an Insider rather than Outsider!!

As it has proven scientifically and spiritually that everything in this universe is interconnected and interdependent since the universe is made up of energy and molecules of atom and we, human beings are also made up of star dust that comprise of

- Electron (Negative energy charge)

- Proton (Positive Energy Charge) and

- Neutron (Neutral Energy)

“Recognize that the very molecules that make up your body, the atoms that construct the molecules, are traceable to the crucibles that were once the centers of high mass stars that exploded their chemically rich guts into the galaxy, enriching pristine gas clouds with the chemistry of life. So that we are all connected to each other biologically, to the earth chemically and to the rest of the universe atomically. That’s kinda cool! That makes me smile and I actually feel quite large at the end of that. It’s not that we are better than the universe, we are part of the universe. We are in the universe and the universe is in us.” 
― Neil deGrasse Tyson, an American astrophysicist and science communicator

Therefore, knowing this fact each of us has responsibility to learn to understand that which types of charging role that we have been playing/creating in our lives and society for the sake of humanity and prosperity of everyone to promote.
And based upon that we can understand whether we are playing insider "Nucleus/Central Role" (Proton and Neutron) for our society and lives to unite, grow and develop or playing outsider "Electron" role to divide our society and lives.
As far as I understand that the world renowned and great philosophers, sages, scientists, inventors like Buddha, Albert Einstein, Nikola Tesla, Sigmund Freud, Confucious, Tao Tzu, Stephen Hawkings, and so forth had played nucleus or central roles in their life time. Therefore, everyone remember them for the good cause that they had done in their life time.

“The problem, often not discovered until late in life, is that when you look for things in life like love, meaning, motivation, it implies they are sitting behind a tree or under a rock. The most successful people in life recognize, that in life they create their own love, they manufacture their own meaning, they generate their own motivation. For me, I am driven by two main philosophies, know more today about the world than I knew yesterday. And lessen the suffering of others. You'd be surprised how far that gets you. 
― Neil deGrasse Tyson, an American astrophysicist and science communicator

State of Confused Mind Reaction: Must Learn to Help Oneself!!


State of Confused Mind Reaction towards my posting: Must learn to awake and Help oneself to come out of our ignorance!!

Ncsc Puja Samiti:
Hey, I didn't like this comment. you severely lack information about hindu's.
------------------------------
The comment:
Laxmi Tamang (20 May 2013): Krishna Bhattarai:
"हिन्दु धर्म बिश्वको सबै भन्दा खराब धर्म हो जहा एउटै बाबुको छोराहरु बिच पनि पानी बाराबार हुन्छ"""""

Laxmi Tamang:
Good to know Christian brother view towards Hinduism. Despite born in a Hindu family why do you think Hinduism is 100% bad religion. No any religion is bad but those Godmen and God Soldiers and custodian of religion made it bad due to their polluted and corrupted mind as they didn't follow original Santan Dharma which was based upon the law of nature.
Hindu dharma adulterated by corrupt intellectual ancient Godmen, God Soldiers and the custodian of religion since it was born from Brahmanism Religion and the name "Hindu" was given by the invaders in India.
As far as I knew Sanatan Dharma was Dravadian of Indus valley indigenous people Dharma created as per the law of nature and later different sages documents their thoughts and started to called Veda (knowledge) that's why Vedic religion started in India/Indus valley (present day Pakistan) and Vedic religion had been corrupted by some ancient Indian Brahmins. Thus during Buddha time they used to called Brahamiism Religion and later Brahmanism religion name changed to Hinduism, the name given by invaders.
I think Krishna Bhattarai bro might be talking about Caste system where Sudra being a Hindu has been discriminated by Brahmins and Chhetri. But realized that No one is perfect and everything is Yin and Yang (50/50) in this world as per the law of universe and the law of nature. I came to know that Hindu religion is an adulterated religion since it was born from Brahmanism religion and Brahmanism religion was born from Vedic religion and vedic religion was born from Sanatan Dharma. Therefore, in the course of development from 3000-5000 years it has been completely adulterated due to corrupt intellectual custodian of the religion. There might be only 25% purity of orginal Sanatan Dharma that was based upon the law of nature in the present day so-called Hindu religion.
"Brahmanism is not the oldest of Indian religions but it represents an important starting place for the understanding of Indian philosophy and religion. Hinduism grows out of Brahmanism, and accepts most of the basics of Brahmanism, while Buddhism and Jainism are reactionary—they adopt some of the ideas of Brahmanism, yet they reject much of it, and so in a way they too are an outgrowth of Brahmanism." http://www.gossamerstrands.com/Asia105/lecture1.htm
Content URL: https://www.facebook.com/ncscpuja.samiti/posts/376449769131560

07:49
Laxmi Tamang: Truth is bitter to digest ni bro. Using Fake ID who share their corrupt thoughts and views are huti hara namarda Napunsak people ho who don't dare to come forward with original identity to share their thoughts and views due to suffering with Fearism because of their Ignorance. Fearsim begets Hateism and Angerism. Ignorance is a Virus ho. Therefore, beware with such viruses since virus is very difficult to treat and you know that virus causes cancer, HIV, Hepatitis B, Bird Flu, Janai Khatira and so forth.

07:50
Ncsc Puja Samiti: What fake id u talking about? Please keep your hate towards yourself. I'm not bro. I'm a gril.

07:52
Laxmi Tamang: Who cares what you are since you can't digest the evidences and facts

07:52
Ncsc Puja Samiti: ha ha. You need psych consult

07:52
Laxmi Tamang: Wfter all you are in fake id

07:52
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Go see a doctor.

07:52
Laxmi Tamang: Fake and sick intellectual corrupt mind

07:52
Ncsc Puja Samiti: This is nepali cultural and spritual center

07:53
Laxmi Tamang: Suffering with fearsim and didn't know difference between religion and spirituality

07:53
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Seriously sis u need to see a doctor.

07:53
Laxmi Tamang: It is an India culture

07:53
Ncsc Puja Samiti: ha ha

07:53
Laxmi Tamang: Don't claim Nepali culture. Nepal has nothing originality. Everything is borrowed from India. India is super duper great.

07:54
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Go preach this to ur friends converting to christianity.

07:54
Laxmi Tamang: Nepal=India and India=Nepal

07:54
Ncsc Puja Samiti: why u care?

07:55
Laxmi Tamang:  You must feel shame to claim Indian creation as Nepali

07:55
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Tamang people follow shakti path right?

07:55
Laxmi Tamang: Robbery mind people

07:55
Ncsc Puja Samiti: You are mentally sick person.

07:55
Laxmi Tamang: I don't care what Tamang follow

07:56
Ncsc Puja Samiti: then change ur last name. So who do u represent?

07:56
Laxmi Tamang: Everything stolen from India and claim as Nepali sick robbery mind person. Jatibaadi aakha. Polluted mind and corrupt thoughts

07:57
Ncsc Puja Samiti: I believe in one jaat that is manavjaati

07:57
Laxmi Tamang: Laj pache ko manche India sages creation lai mero bhane

07:57
Ncsc Puja Samiti: I find you very prejudice .

07:58
Laxmi Tamang: Manavjaati ma believe garne bhaye kina Tamang bhaneko ta.  Truth sounds prejudice since you are a God Soldier.

07:58
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Tamang is your surname. I did not say its ur jaat.

07:58
Laxmi Tamang: Why you see my surname if your mind is not polluted with jaat


07:59
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Surname represents your background.

07:59
Laxmi Tamang: You see your jaatibaadi mindset

07:59
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Community you belong.

07:59
Laxmi Tamang: Spiritual person doesn't care about jatbhaat but you are religious person so you care jat and jatibhaad. You are confused person don't know the difference between religion and spirituality due to ignorance

08:00
Ncsc Puja Samiti: all I can do is laugh at ur stupidity.

08:01
Laxmi Tamang: Yes God Soldier. Keep laughing due to your own ignorance

08:01
Ncsc Puja Samiti: No need to infiltrate here. Allrite. Har har mahadev!!!

08:01
Laxmi Tamang: Suffering with viral disease called ignorance. God Soldier. Lovely talking to you God Soldier with mental slave of India stealing others things and claiming as own. I love India since she is a great hearted donor and allow to robe to Nepalese

08:05
Ncsc Puja Samiti: I just request you to open your mind sister. May god bless you!!

08:20
Laxmi Tamang: I really feel sorry for those ignorance brothers and sisters especially from Nepal and India who are in the confused state of mind thinking that spirituality and religion are the same. I have came across with such confused mind very often and no one can help them except themselves.

They must understand that ignorance is a virus such as HIV, Cancer, Hepatitis B, Bird Flue, and so forth. Therefore, if we don't try to prevent and treat timely it will spread across the globe rapidly.

"Ignorance is a virus. Once it starts spreading, it can only be cured by reason. For the sake of humanity, we must be that cure."
- Neil deGrasse Tyson, an American astrophysicist and science communicator

Please help yourself with knowledge and wisdom keeping your mind and making free from dogmatic thoughts and views that has been instilled by our society in the course of socialisation.

“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.”
- Buddha


08:26
Laxmi Tamang: Dear sister, you are in the state of confusion between spirituality and religion it is because there is a little bit similarity but try to move towards spirituality rather than remain in the state of confusion so that you don't have to report me back what I have talk about religion with reason.
Try to understand this as well difference between spirituality and religion.



Try to understand that this as well. Thank you!!



08:45
Ncsc Puja Samiti: May you find peace doing all this. I practice highest form of spirituality _ compassion, ahimsa saying mere words don't make you spiritual sister. You have to implement it .

08:50
Laxmi Tamang: Nepalese are in the state of Confusion!!

I realized that many God Devotees are in the state of confusion in their mind regarding being a religious and spiritual. They think that Religion and Spirituality are the same. Although there is some link but being a religious and a spiritual are two different entities.

We've to learn to understand that Ignorance is a Virus and Little Knowledge is Danger that put self in Endanger. Therefore, to wipe out such ignorance we've to learn and search of knowledge opening our mind without any prejudice in our subconscious mind.

As Swami Brahmananda said "There is no true religion or spirituality without kindness and love."  we've to help ourselves to understand the difference between religion and spirituality.

Essentially, religion is designed to be our spiritual source of comfort and advice, a structure to provide moral guidelines, a caring community and help for those in need. And in many ways it is.

But religion is also the cause of violence, wars, discrimination, bigotry, pain and suffering, all of which are a long way from kindness, compassion, comfort and spiritual reassurance.

Religious morality is also used to justify political reasoning and supremacy.
In fact spirituality is simply the discovery of our authentic self without any trimmings or labels, which gives us a rich source of values and a deeper meaning to life, whatever our religion.

In the seeking of such meaning, religion and spirituality come together. Spirituality highlights qualities such as caring, kindness, compassion, tolerance, service and community, and, in its truest sense, so does religion. But where religion is defined by its tradition and teachings, spirituality is defined by what is real in our own experience, arising from an inner search within ourselves, the finding of our own truth.
Where religion tends to breed separation -- my religion vs. your religion, my God is the only real God, my ethics are better than yours, etc. -- spirituality sees all people as equal. We are not an "ism" or a label, we are spiritual beings whose purpose is to awaken to our true nature."

To learn detail about the difference between Religion and Spirituality worth going through Ed and Deb Shapiro, Yoga Nidra, Meditation & Bodymind Experts, Award-winning Authors of BE THE CHANGE - How Meditation Can Transform You and the World & YOUR BODY SPEAKS YOUR MIND below article. Thank you http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ed-and-deb-shapiro/religion-and-spirituality_b_967951.html


08:51
Laxmi Tamang: Action speaks Louder than voice since your action has proven that you are in the same of confusion between religion and spirituality


08:51
Ncsc Puja Samiti: who are you to judge? Do you practice ahimsa?
are you vegan or vegetarian? I practice Asthanga yoga faithfully. Let me know if if need any info for that. Asthanga yoga is highest form of spirituality anyone can practice. I can only hope you open your inner eyes and practice compassion ,asthanga yoga

09:02
Laxmi Tamang: Those who think that they are spiritual person please identify yourself whether or not you are truly spiritual person or in delusion.


Those who proclaimed oneself as a spiritual person I don't trust them by their words since I believe in an action as per an individual behavioural manifestation (symptoms) rather than words and reaction.

Practicing Yoga, becoming vegetarian and so forth is not being a real spiritual person.

09:04
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Then how do u define spirituality ? that means u don't value life.

09:04
Laxmi Tamang: Don't remain in delusion since you are reactionary in your attitude and behaviour because of your level of consciousness is still in middle of your spiritual journey

09:05
Ncsc Puja Samiti: You sound like u have already reach state of Nirvana.

09:05
Laxmi Tamang: I'll share you the level of human consciousness and their behaviour manifestation

09:05
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Good luck with your spiritual journey. This is the end of our conversation.

09:06
Laxmi Tamang: I love to reach that level.

09:06
Ncsc Puja Samiti: Good for u. You take care . Har har mahadev !!!

09:07
Laxmi Tamang: You are too much attached with your God and faith/religion thus you are suffering in mentally with angerism and confusion.
I detached myself with socially gifted tagged so I don't feel sad and bad when someone talk about Tamang, Buddhism, women, etc with reason. Not opinion because opinion is inbetween knowledge and ignorance

09:20
Laxmi Tamang: You are ignorant religious person. You are hindu and might be on the process of gaining spirituality but you've not detached yourself with your socially gifted tagged such as Hindu (religious person) thus you feel sad and bad and react upon my posting. The Problem of Nepal and India: Low Level of Human Consciousness
The problem of Nepal and India is invited due to those people who are Pseudo (fake) Proud with their socially gifted tagged i.e. "Caste, Ethnicity, Religion, Creed, Language, Nationality, etc" rather than their own honest deeds and accomplishment because of the low level of human consciousness.

There are many scholars, teachers, gurus, etc who are intellectual corrupt since they didn't think about society welfare except their own self gain sucking and raping Mother Nepal and their ignorant and innocent children instiling irrational religious belief rather than rational religious knowledge and wisdom for the sake of humanity and prosperity of everyone. That's the reason Nepal is 3rd MOST corrupt Nation in South Asia and 141th corrupt nation out of 176th in the world as per 2012 report of the Transparency International.

In this information age I think we've enough slept to date. Therefore now it is high time to wake up ourselves to help self, else including society if possible.
Many of us don't know in which level of consciousness we are living, walking, working and surviving. Therefore, I would like to share about human consciousness that determines our attitude and behaviour.

As per Dr. David R. Hawkins, M.D., Ph.D., an internationally renowned psychiatrist, physician, researcher, and pioneer in the fields of consciousness research and spirituality in his book "Power vs. Force: The Hidden Determinants of Human Behavior" discussed and analysed about level of Human Consciousness that outlined 17 level of human consciousness.

Level of Human conscoiusness:
1. Shame
2. Guilt
3. Apathy
4. Grief
5. Fear
6. Desire
7. Anger
8. Pride
9. Courage
10. Neutrality
11. Willingness
12. Acceptance
13. Reason
14. Love
15. Joy
16. Peace
17. Enlightment
For details please visit below link. I'm just sharing here about Grief, Fear and Pride since many of us are going through these stages that I've sense.

4. Grief
We’ve all experienced this level before. Loss of a loved one or even a pet can trigger a sudden lowering of consciousness to grief. It becomes dysfunctional and pervasive when one remains at this level for a significant period of time. A person who is at Grief will see sadness everywhere. Preoccupation with the death or coming death or ones self or others can be indicative of this level. Life is a constant tragedy or near-tragedy, and the world is terrible and cruel.

5. Fear
The level of fear forms the basis for much of human behavior at this time. We are evolutionarily designed for a world of scarcity and fear. Survival of the fittest is simply our heritage. Thus, many people who don’t consciously work on improving themselves will remain at an animal-like level of fear.
Fear is the antithesis of growth. Social fears lead to seclusion. Fear of loss in relationships leads to insecurity and jealousy. Fear of the unknown leads to rejecting change. People who live in fear are highly manipulatable. News media operates at this level, presenting the world as a fearful, scary place. Entire cities and nations are often at this level.
Even so, fear is dramatically stronger than previous levels of consciousness. At least by this point you’re interacting with the world.

8. Pride
The level of pride is something that most people aspire to. It’s socially encouraged. We’re told we should take pride in our work, accomplishments, and material objects. Compared to the lower levels, pride feels great. It certainly beats the depression and hopelessness found in Shame and Apathy. However, pride is still below the crucial level of 200. It is still weak, and thus is related to force rather than true power.
Pride is a weakness because it can so easily transform into any of the lower levels. If a prideful businessman suddenly loses all his money, he could easily go through Anger, Fear, and end up at Apathy, completely losing touch with what he based his life around. Pride comes from associating ones self with things that don’t really matter.
Although pride feels good at first, it is ultimately foolish. Religious wars are often a function of pride. It lacks the unification of the higher levels, instead being based on the egoic need to be better than someone or something else.

"Power Vs Force: The Levels of Consciousness : Personal Development " http://www.fredtracy.com/power-vs-force-the-levels-of-consciousness/with Fred Tracy



09:23
Laxmi Tamang: From your above reactionary thoughts and action it seems that you are in the level of inbetween 7-9 since you were anger with my post and feel proud of yourself thinking that you practice highest form of spiritual gain yoga and you had courage to share your thoughts and views with others including myself

There are many spiritual leaders in the world who don't practice yoga but became spiritual you must understand for example Dalai Lama he doesn't practice yoga. He practices meditation and meditation leads to spirituality sister not the Yoga
There are around 100 renowned spiritual gurus in the world and they don't all do Yoga as you said sister. Please wake up and come out of your delusion to help yourself.

Thank you!!

Thursday, 16 May 2013

No one is born hating another person: Why Hitler became a dictator and why hatred for Jews ?


"No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite."  
- Mandela, Nelson

Let's learn about the Facts why Hitler became a dictator, why hatred for Jews and how he died!!

- Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889.

- Hitler's father, Alois, was in his third marriage and 51 years old when Hitler was born. He was known as a strict man who retired from the civil service when Hitler was only six. Alois died when Hitler was 13.

Artist and Anti-Semite (members of people particular the Jews and Arabs):

- Throughout his youth, Hitler dreamed of becoming an artist. He applied twice to the Vienna Academy of Art (once in 1907 and again in 1908) but was denied entrance both times.

- At the end of 1908, Hitler's mother died of breast cancer.

- After his mother's death, Hitler spent four years living on the streets of Vienna, selling postcards of his artwork to make a little money.

- No one is quite sure where or how Hitler picked up his virulent antisemitism. Some say it was because of the questionable identity of his grandfather (was Hitler's grandfather Jewish?). Others say Hitler was furious at a Jewish doctor that let his mother die. However, it is just as likely that Hitler picked up a hatred for Jews while living on the streets of Vienna, a city known at the time for its antisemitism.

Hitler as a Soldier in World War I:

- Although Hitler attempted to avoid Austrian military service by moving to Munich, Germany in May 1913, Hitler volunteered to serve in the German army once World War I began.

- Hitler endured and survived four years of World War I. During this time, he was awarded two Iron Crosses for bravery.

- Hitler sustained two major injuries during the war. The first occurred in October 1916 when he was wounded by a grenade splinter. The other was on October 13, 1918, when a gas attack caused Hitler to go temporarily blind.

- It was while Hitler was recovering from the gas attack that the armistice (i.e. the end of the fighting) was announced. Hitler was furious that Germany had surrendered and felt strongly that Germany had been "stabbed in the back" by its leaders.

Hitler Enters Politics:

- Furious at Germany's surrender, Hitler returned to Munich after the end of World War I, determined to enter politics.

- In 1919, Hitler became the 55th member of a small antisemitic party called the German Worker's Party.

- Hitler soon became the party's leader, created a 25-point platform for the party, and established a bold red background with a white circle and swastika in the middle as the party's symbol. In 1920, the party's name was changed to National Socialist German Worker's Party (i.e. the Nazi Party).

- Over the next several years, Hitler often gave public speeches that gained him attention, followers, and financial support.

- In November 1923, Hitler spearheaded an attempt to take over the German government through a putsch (a coup), called the Beer Hall Putsch.

- When the coup failed, Hitler was caught and sentenced to five years in prison.

- It was while in Landsberg prison that Hitler wrote his book, Mein Kampf (My Struggle).

- After only nine months, Hitler was released from prison.

- After getting out of prison, Hitler was determined to build up the Nazi Party in order to take over the German government using legal means.

Hitler Becomes Chancellor:

- In 1932, Hitler was granted German citizenship.

- In the July 1932 elections, the Nazi Party obtained 37.% of the vote for the Reichstag (Germany's parliament), making it the controlling political party in Germany.

- On January 30, 1933, Hitler was appointed chancellor. Hitler then used this high-ranking position to gain absolute power over Germany. This finally happened when Germany's president, Paul von Hindenburg, died in office on August 2, 1934.

- Hitler took the title of Führer and Reichskanzler (Leader and Reich Chancellor).

Hitler as Führer:

- As dictator of Germany, Hitler wanted to increase and strengthen the German army as well as expand Germany's territory. Although these things broke the terms of the Versailles Treaty, the treaty that officially ended World War I, other countries allowed him to do so. Since the terms of the Versailles Treaty had been harsh, other countries found it easier to be lenient than risk another bloody European war.

- In March 1938, Hitler was able to annex Austria into Germany (called the Anschluss) without firing a single shot.

- When Nazi Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, the other European nations could no longer stand idly by. World War II began.

- On July 20, 1944, Hitler barely survived an assassination attempt. One of his top military officers had placed a suitcase bomb under the table during a conference meeting at Hitler's Wolf's Lair. Because the table leg blocked much of the blast, Hitler survived with only injuries to his arm and some hearing loss. Not everyone in the room was so lucky.

- On April 29, 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress, Eva Braun.

- The following day, April 30, 1945, Hitler and Eva committed suicide together.

Going through the Hitler life story and present political situation of Nepal and else in relation to caste/ethnicity and relition I would like to conclude stating that do not side lined anyone from the state welfare system just because of their belief system is different from the rulers/politicians have. Instead strive towards making socio-economically as well politically inclusive socio-democratic society to establish. Hegemony and monopoly might give birth to a dictator that can genocide certain groups even in this 21st century who knows.

"I think Hitler always wanted to break the power of the Jews and this could be achieved practically and also symbolically in various ways, like removing Jews from economic, political, social and cultural influence, by segregating them territorially, by forcing them onto a reservation for example, or finding some corner of the German sphere of influence where they could be relocated, and if they lived or died it didn’t really matter but their power would be broken."
- Professor David Cesarani, one of the world’s leading scholars on the Holocaust, and his acclaimed book on Eichmann won the American National Jewish Book Award in History, 2006.

References

1Hitler Facts: 34 Facts About Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler By ,  http://history1900s.about.com/od/hitleradolf/a/Hitler-Facts.htm

2.Hitler's decisions about the Jews by Professor David Cesarani, one of the world's leading scholars on the Holocaust, and his acclaimed book on Eichmann won the American National Jewish Book Award in Hisotry 2006.  http://ww2history.com/experts/David_Cesarani/Hitler_s_intentions_for_Jews

Godmen and God Soldiers: Emotional rather than Rational


Godmen and God Soldiers (blind followers/devotees of god) are very much emotional rather than rational. That's the reason without thinking they just act emotionally and fight for their god/religion to protect and preserve. They don't hesitate even to massacre innocent and ignorant people that we havve been observing across the globe and also historical evidences had proven this injustice fact. For example, Adolf Hilter did the same to innocent and ignorant Jewish people during his time. 

Therefore, I am very much conscious with such Godmen and God Soldiers because they are are more emotional rather than rational who don't think about humanity and properity of everyone. They just think about themselves and their faith/god to preserve. Here is what Adolf Hilter said:

"I use emotion for the many and reserve reason for the few."

"I believe today that my conduct is in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator."

"As a Christian I have no duty to allow myself to be cheated, but I have the duty to be a fighter for truth and justice."

One of my Indian facebook friends, Mr. Kailash Abhimanyu, who hates muslim the most as he said in my above post in the facebook said "At the last..as a nationalisom... he is right."

I replied him saying, 
Yes, bro for pseudo-nationalist and blind faith followers/God Soldiers and Godmen  whatever Hitler did was right. It is worth reading the letter written by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement from the jail to his clergymen (priest brotherss) saying,  "We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal." It was "illegal" to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. Even so, I am sure that, had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers. If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws."

I was also astonished reading about Hiler from Dr. King but realized that he was talking in the social justice point of view for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood. 

 Then our dicussion went further as below: 

Kailash Abhimanyu: Sis...American...genoside redindian...but American are winner..so no objection. As you know..China what happned in Tibet...nobody did objection.. 

Laxmi Tamang: Yup!! Good logic! Since historically evidences had proven that it was always indigenous people and mainland people were genocide by invaders and intruders and became a powerful and winners. 

Kailash Abhimanyu: Hitler did everything '''ONLY & ONLY''' for his motherland of great Germany.Sis..you read everywhere...Hitler collect black money, gold, fake bank acct., occupied property, investment..like Sadam Hussain, and dictator...?? No dear Sis... history didn't judge with this great nationalist.  Why we forgotten...Australia...where is actul tribal people? 
Dear sis..what you think we are human...?? British, American and Australia white people...Hunting mainland tribal man and women like a FOAX hunting...wid DOG & HORSES......and what a shame...they told ..we and GENTLEMAN SOCIETY. 


Laxmi Tamang: Dear Kailash Abhimanyu brother, I really appreciate your thoughts, views and logic about Americans, Britishs, Australia, etc about the Most Brutal Genocide of tribal/ indigenous people for the gain of power and properities. It is always human nature with demonic qualities as stated in Bhagawad Gita full of desire (kaam), anger (krodh), greed (lobh), attachment (moh), ego (ahankar), fearful, jealously, backbitting, snob behaviour, revenge, violent, hatred, intruding mindset and selfish. Thus they can't differentiate between human and animals. They see human as an animal so they don't feel like killing human beings. However, I am not after such demonic qualities people instead I'm after people with divine qualities people as stated in the Bhagawad Gita there are 26 divine qualities such as fearlessness, truthfulness, non-violence, balanced view of life, forgiveness, to do self-duty, no revenge, controlled 5 senses, kindness to others, a spirit of sacrifice, patience, humility, no temptations, no back-biting,no anger, no restlessness to do everything and good reading etc. 
Anyway my thoughts strongly support below views and thoughts of great mind experienced and experts' mind regarding nationalism in relation to religion that blocks our mind and didn't allow us to think about humanity and social justice. 

Nationalism is a silly cock crowing on his own dunghill.
- Richard Aldington (1892-1962), an English writer and poet

Nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind.
- Albert Einstein 

"Patriotism is when love of your own people comes first; nationalism, when hate for people other than your own comes first."
- Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II 

Nationalism is power hunger tempered by self-deception.
- George Orwell (1903-1950), an English novelist and journalist

Every major question in history is a religious question. It has more effect in molding life than nationalism or a common language.
- Hilaire Belloc (1870-1953), an French-British writer and historian 

"Religion is an illusion and it derives its strength from the fact that it falls in with our instinctual desires."
- Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), an Austrian neurologist and the founding father of psychoanalysis

“Religion is a system of wishful illusions together with a disavowal of reality, such as we find nowhere else but in a state of blissful hallucinatory confusion. Religion's eleventh commandment is "Thou shalt not question.”
- Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), an Austrian neurologist and the founding father of psychoanalysis

"The word god is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the religious text a collection of honourable, but still primitive legends which are nevertheless pretty childish. No interpretation no matter how subtle can (for me) change this."
- Albert Einstein

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind." 
- Albert Einstein 



Reference
1. Letter from a Birmingham Jail [King, Jr.] http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Articles_Gen/Letter_Birmingham.html 


Wednesday, 15 May 2013

Practical tips for selecting a leader or inspirational person!!

Always select a leader or inspirational person who is making his/her family happy or satisfy. 

If any person able to make his or her own family happy then he/she also able to make happy to others. If he/she doesn't then we've to understand that either that person is a sage or scientist but definitely not a politician/leader who can govern mass or society in a proper direction for the societal growth and development.. 

The reason that I said above statement is ignited from the thought of Nepalese young energetic Nepali Congress youth leader, Mr Ganga Thapa as one of the discussants of the "Men Engagement in Gender Equality Seminar" held in 2010 in Kathmandu on the titled "Who is a Real Man" he said I consider myself real man if I can make my wife happy. 


From this statement I realized that if a man can't make happy to his own wife then how can he can be able to make happy to his society and citizens.

Why we need to be a rational or have a scientific mind?


I realised that majority of us, human beings are unnecessarily emotional and make our judgement and decision without thinking critically or logically analysing both sides of the issue though we are rational creature by birth. 

We are universe. We are science since we are atomic creature, made of up atom as Neil deGrasse Tyson, an American astrophysicist and science communicator said: 

“Recognize that the very molecules that make up your body, the atoms that construct the molecules, are traceable to the crucibles that were once the centers of high mass stars that exploded their chemically rich guts into the galaxy, enriching pristine gas clouds with the chemistry of life. So that we are all connected to each other biologically, to the earth chemically and to the rest of the universe atomically. That’s kinda cool! That makes me smile and I actually feel quite large at the end of that. It’s not that we are better than the universe, we are part of the universe. We are in the universe and the universe is in us.”

Niraj Dura from UK said "Yes, we are just dust.. There is a planet called Antares which is 40,000 bigger than our sun. in Veda its called Jyestha..meaning senior.. that means we are just a drop in an ocean."

Anyway, we know that atom is made up of Electrons, Protons and Neutrons.

Electron has negative charge.

Proton has positive charge. 

Neutron is neutral, with no change. 

The charge on the proton and electron are exactly the same size but opposite. The same number of protons and electrons exactly cancel one another in a neutral atom.

Which of these in the center of the atom?
Protons and neutrons are in the center (nucleus) of the atom. 

You may want to mention that hydrogen is the only atom that usually has no neutrons. The nucleus of most hydrogen atoms is composed of just 1 proton. A small percentage of hydrogen atoms have 1 or even 2 neutrons. Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons are called isotopes. 

Therefore, we have to learn to balance our energy (neutral) that we have within our body either doing meditation or keeping our mind open, free of prejudice and dogmatic thoughts and views of programmed mindset since our early childhood on the process of socialisation, schoolings and thereafter! 

I love to follow middle path because it tries to balance both negative and positive energies of our body to use as per the situation arise. This is known as Yin and Yang (symbol in the picture below) balance in Taoism, the philsophy coined by an ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao Tzu born in 400 BCE and died in 531 CE 

If we are science then why not think in a scientific way reasoning and questioning each and everything for the sake of humanity and prosperity of everyone rather than accepting things and thoughts blindly and fighting for it wasting our time and energy irrationally.


I can understand that why Nepal or South Asian nations including else developing nations have too many social problems. It is just because we lack scientific (questioning and reasoning) mind due to our education system and way of life functioning relying too much on sociological and anthropological things such as culture, tradition, caste/ethnicity, religion, creed and so forth rather than thinking about scientific growth and

development as per the law of nature/evolution. I'm pretty sure those who are exaggerating the political issues are people whose mind is governed with socio-anthropological perspective dragging more towards with  emotion rather than rational.

I mean to say scientific mind to those who 
“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.” as Buddha said.


References
1.Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons http://www.middleschoolchemistry.com/lessonplans/chapter4/lesson1

Tuesday, 14 May 2013

Wonder Why some Nepalese Youth are so Sick!!!!


I just wonder WHY some Nepalese youth are so sick !!

Gosh! This Raaj Sharma ji my new fb friend is completely different person I found he was talking about porn issue with me posting porn girl video in my inbox and when I warned him he threthened me saying I'll call my uncle at Hanuman Dhoka and will ask to investigate your fb Id and I said I'll expose you and now he blocked me. I couldn't even imagine.

Here is the conversation.

Raaj Sharma: hi namaste porn girl.

14:03
Laxmi Tamang: Oh sorry you are this type of person running after porn
I can't even imagine with your mind that you've such thoughts

14:04
Raaj Sharma: heheh hola hai

14:04
Laxmi Tamang: Gosh! Sick mind. I'll share the video that you shared me about porn girl

14:05
Raaj Sharma: Will calling now in hanumandhoka incharge my uncle Dhiraj Pratap Singh ....I will investigation your facebook id

14:06
Laxmi Tamang: No worries who cares since you shared such porn video above

14:07
Raaj Sharma: no need for you

14:07
Laxmi Tamang: I didn't realize that you are such porn minded person

14:09
Raaj Sharma: I am not porn minded person i am sleeping ready dont distrube me i am calling now in hanumandhoka

14:10
Laxmi Tamang: Why did you post above porn video above than
have a look above you shared me porn girl video. You are threatening me who cares
saying I'll call now in Hanumandhoka and will investigate my fb id

14:13
Raaj Sharma: Hey i fuck you just now call ready u r also fuckeer sala fuckeer ko sathi fuckkeer

14:15
Laxmi Tamang: I thought you are good man who speak truth but you are completely different then what I thought
It seems that you like to exposed
Priestly family ko man bhayera yesto wording Yack

14:19
Raaj Sharma: heheheh mero family ko kura nagarnus please i have so heart ma tapailai block gardai xu dont mind malai chalenge dine manxe veter khusi lagyo heheh

14:19
Laxmi Tamang: you blocked me I don't care but I'll expose you

14:20
Raaj Sharma: maile maya garne manxe le kina yeso gardai x ma timilai xoder jadai xu vane ta hunx ni kina natak garnu kehi navaya pani sathi ta huna sakxau ni yar

14:20
Laxmi Tamang: Why did you share such sick porn girl video with me.

My person impression:

I realized that Nepalese desperatly needs psychological healing and treatment since all social problems that we've in Nepal such as corruption, rape, the culture of impunity, poverty, domestic violence for both males and females, sexual harassment, and so forth are related to our mind.

My humble request to my dear Nepalese brothers and sisters!!


I am like a facebook activist and I learn and share through facbook. Facebook became my real life book to learn different ideas, thoughts, knowledge and wisdom from across the globe.

However, of my fellow Nepalese brothers and sisters make their remarks based on my societal gifted tags. Therefore, I would like to kindly request to all my brothers and sisters not to look at me with the lens of any societal gifted tagged such as Janajati, Tamang, Buddhist, Nepali , and so forth just by seeing my another societal gifted name "Laxmi Tamang" because first of all I'm a human being born in those societal gifted tagged member family "Tamang". But I don't think and feel that I'm Tamang, Janajati, Buddhist, Nepali and so forth since first of all I'm born in this earth as a human being predominantly as a feminine soul but equally having masculine soul/energy. Therefore, I would like to remain in this earth till my rest of the life as a human as per the law of nature gifted quality for the sake of humanity and prosperity of everyone.

I chose to be non-religious person because I was born non-religious with free mind without any dogmatic view. Just because I was born in Buddha believer family "Tamang" due to my ignorance I used to say I'm a buddhist when I was young. In fact I'm not a buddhist and never considered myself as a Buddhist from deep of my mind and heart because I always in search of reason in each and every puja, worship and rituals that monks/Lama do but I didn't get satisfactory answer from them and realized that they mainly do such to make money and to clam mentally their self and others. Besides, didn't find anyone poor people helped by a god. However, I do admire buddha teaching because I found rational and logic based on the scientific evidences.

Therefore I sometime post and share statement from Buddha. Similarly, equally from Sanatan Dharma I do learn some good and share which doesn't mean I'm a Hindu but some of my Indian fb friends think that I'm a hindu because I share and read Bhagawad Gita, Veda, etc. It is an individual choice what people think since it is all about mind game what we perceive, see, hear, feel and listen.

About my talent everyone is born talent with unique mind. In fact, I'm not a talent person I'm just a curious learner keeping my free mind without any dogmatic and religious doctrine. Therefore I'm getting boarder understanding of any issue that I'm interest on.

Let's find common things that unites us!!!


Today, I would like to share the common things that unites us across diffeent faith holders or religious groups who are playing blame game accussing each other naming, shaming, claiming and labelling each other as a terrorist.

I just wonder when we've so much common things among each other than why hate and rate each other just because our way of believing same thing (god) is different.

The word "Amin or Amen" that our Christian brothers and sisters used are also used by other religion believers such as Jewish and Muslim.

Muslims use the word ʾĀmīn (Arabic: آمين) when concluding a prayer or first Surah, Muslims use it after reciting the first surah (Al Fatiha) of the Qur'an, with the same meaning as in Christianity. The Islamic use of the word is similar to the Jewish and Christian use of the word.


Amen (also pronounced Ahmen, Aymen, Ameen or Amin) is a word which is used in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam to express agreement with God's truth. It is believed to have originated from an ancient Semitic word consisting of three consonants: A-M-N. In both Hebrew and Arabic, this root word means truthful, firm, and faithful. Common English translations include "verily," "truly," "it is so," or "I affirm God's truth."

This word is used in Judaism and Christianity as an ending word for prayers and hymns. When saying "amen," worshippers confirm their belief in God's word, or affirm agreement with what is being preached or recited.

In Islam, the pronuciation "ameen" is often recited during daily prayers at the end of Surah Al-Fatihah (the first chapter of the Qur'an). It is also said during and at the end of personal supplications (du'a).

Any use of ameen in Islamic prayer is considered optional (sunnah), not required (wajib). The practice is based on the example and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. He reportedly told his followers to say 'ameen' after the imam (prayer leader) finishes reciting the Fatiha because: "If a person's saying 'ameen' at that time coincides with the angels saying 'ameen', his previous sins will be forgiven."

There is some difference of opinion among Muslims about whether "ameen" should be said during prayer in a quiet voice or a loud voice. Very few debate about whether it should be said at all; its use is widespread among Muslims. http://islam.about.com/od/prayer/f/Ending-Islamic-Prayers-With-Ameen.htm

Sunday, 12 May 2013

Are you Awake or Asleep?


Worth identifying oneself critically thinking, analysing, understanding and reflecting on the given statement and its meanings!!

Good luck!! A choice whether or not we would like to awake up is in our head, heart and hands.

It is better to asleep than awake because awakening is painful since you've to act consciously challenging our own mind and thoughts about the status quo and people who loved to promote asleep crowd because asleep crowd and citizens are like Bheda 'Sheep" they can be used as per the wish for own sake of political power and money gain.

Corruption is in vein: Be cautious with corrupt nation people!!

Corruption is a virus and cancer of any society and that are rampant in the third world nations compared to the first world. It seems that it is in genetic and is in the nature of the certain group of people. 

Nepal is ranked in the 141st place among 176 countries in the Corruption Perceptions Index, according to Transparency International (TI), a global corruption watchdog.


India is ranked 94 in the list with the score of 36 and China 80 with the score of 39. Pakistan is also ranked in the 139th position alongside Nepal with the score 27 out of 100 that is considered as the least corrupt.

Afghanistan stands 1st, Bangladesh 2nd and Nepal 3rd in the South Asian countries as the most corrupt natoins in the region. Sri Lanka has scored 40 while Bhutan 64.


Type of Corruption

3-Ms Corruption

- Monetary Corruption (Corruption of Money)

- Mind Corruption (Corruption of Intellectual property/knowledge)

- Mankind Corruption (Corruption of mankind)

3-Ps Corruption

- Power Corruption

- Political Corruption

- Professional Corruption

The TI report said the score secured by Nepal shows that government, state, political parties and political leadership are not serious about controlling corruption in the country.

TI said that lack of accountable leadership and effective public institutions in these countries underscore the need to take a much stronger stance against corruption. 

Former Chief Commissioner of the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) Surya Nath Upadhyaya said that the situation in Nepal is worsening. "It is because of the political transition, impunity and lack of accountability," Upadhyaya added. 


“Governments need to integrate anti-corruption actions into all public decision making. Priorities include better rules on lobbying and political financing, making public spending and contracting more transparent and making public bodies more accountable to the people,” said Huguette Labelle, the Chair of Transparency International. 

“After a year of focus on corruption, we expect governments to take a tougher stance against the abuse of power. The CPI results demonstrate that societies continue to pay the high cost of corruption,” Labelle said.

The report states that many of the countries where citizens challenged their leaders to end corruption --from the Middle East to Asia to Europe -- have seen their positions in the index stagnate or worsen.


According to the report, Denmark, Finland and New Zealand have been named the least corrupt countries with a score of 90 each in the CPI, while Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia with a score of 8 each have been ranked the most corrupt countries in the world.


The report said Denmark, Finland and New Zealand are helped by strong access to information systems and rules governing the behavior of those in public positions. 

“Corruption is the world´s most talked about problem,” stated Cobus de Swardt, managing director of Transparency International. 

“The world´s leading economies should lead by example, making sure that their institutions are fully transparent and their leaders are held accountable. This is crucial since their institutions play a significant role in preventing corruption from flourishing globally,” de Swardt said.


I realised that mind corruption leads to all form of corruption. Therefore, to wipe out corruption from our vein we've to learn to wipe out corruption from our mind. We need to make our mind pure, clean and non-prejudice in our thinking to see, hear and perceive things as it is.

Reference
1. Nepal ranked 141st in corruption index http://www.myrepublica.com/portal/index.php?action=news_details&news_id=46008

Saturday, 11 May 2013

No need to reinvent the wheel, wasting time and mind!!!


I strongly realized that there is no need to reinvent the wheel, wasting time and mind since earth formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago, and life appeared on its surface within its first billion years.

Anatomically modern humans evolved from archaic Homo sapiens in the Middle Paleolithic, about 200,000 years ago, evolved in Africa. The transition to behavioral modernity with the development of symbolic culture, language, and specialized lithic technology happened around 50,000 years ago according to many anthropologists. Similarly, religion has been formed only 3000-5000 years ago by great mind of this universe but had been used for wrong purpose by  rulers and politicians to fool, bull and rule for innocent mind promoting blind faith followers with frozen thoughts.

Therefore, there are enough all kinds of intelligent thoughts have already been thought about and existed in this universe for which we just have to keep open mind to learn, think and apply in our lives. There is NO need to reinvent it, wasting our time and mind rather learn to strive to think in a similar way and apply in our lives for the sake of humanity and prosperity of all.


"All intelligent thoughts have already been thought; what is necessary is only to try to think them again."
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1932),  a German writer, artist, and politician