Monday, 19 December 2011

Inspirational Videos and Quotes


  1. Video titled "One of the best inspirational videos ever-Susan Boyle-Britains Got Talent 2009" illustrates that Never every underestimate and laugh on others. Link http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=VSrAJsWvEIc&feature=endscreen  
  2. "The girl who silenced the world for 5 minutes"  She addressed a UN Meeting on issue of environment at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQmz6Rbpnu0&feature=related
  3. Positive Quotes video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=S7Q3Z7p0cDA
  4. Positive & Inspirational Quotes by Melanie Moushigian with great pictures and peaceful music. Enjoy! at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xTqIvgQIho&feature=youtu.be
  5. Everything Happens For a Reason at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyQ5ZSMENF0&feature=related
  6. The Gandhi Rap - be the change you want to see 
  7. Life without Limbs with Life without Limits from Nick Vujicic, No Arms, No Legs, No Worries!      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AW579icDRSA&NR=1&feature=endscreen
  8. Nick Vujicic-If You Can't Get A Miracle, Become One -- Nick Vujicic - Truth To Go at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJwHSGjjifg&feature=related
  9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJwHSGjjifg&feature=related
  10. Laws of Attraction and Cosmic Forces
    11. 13 mins video by Brain Tracy, expert of Success coached 1000 of great achievers in US at  
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9wE4Pti8SM
   -  Having a goal or goals is crucial to you success in life. Weather it's making money or having a dream. Any 
      can achieve there goals if they really work at it and give 100%. Brian Tracy has been a student of success 
      for more than 40 years and he's studied and coached thousands of super achievers. His analysis suggests  
      that success is totally predictable and his reasoning is simple and spot on in this video on achieving goals.

Sunday, 18 December 2011

Inside Each of Us are Two Wolves! Which Wolf Do You Feed The Most?

The Political Ethics of Chanakya Pandit by Miles Davis


  • Chanakya Niti
    Sri Chanakya Niti-Sastra
    The Political Ethics of Chanakya Pandit
    Compiled by Miles Davis (Patita Pavana dasa)

    Chapter One

    1. Humbly bowing down before the almighty Lord Sri Vishnu, the Lord of the three worlds, I recite maxims of the science of political ethics (niti) selected from the various satras (scriptures

    2. That man who by the study of these maxims from the satras acquires a knowledge of the most celebrated principles of duty, and understands what ought and what ought not to be followed, and what is good and what is bad, is most excellent.

    3. Therefore with an eye to the public good, I shall speak that which, when understood, will lead to an understanding of things in their proper perspective.

    4. Even a pandit comes to grief by giving instruction to a foolish disciple, by maintaining a wicked wife, and by excessive familiarity with the miserable.

    5. A wicked wife, a false friend, a saucy servant and living in a house with a serpent in it are nothing but death.

    6. One should save his money against hard times, save his wife at the sacrifice of his riches, but invariably one should save his soul even at the sacrifice of his wife and riches.

    7. Save your wealth against future calamity. Do not say, "What fear has a rich man, of calamity?" When riches begin to forsake one even the accumulated stock dwindles away.

    8. Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge.

    9. Do not stay for a single day where there are not these five persons: a wealthy man, a brahmin well versed in Vedic lore, a king, a river and a physician

    10. Wise men should never go into a country where there are no means of earning one's livelihood, where the people have no dread of anybody, have no sense of shame, no intelligence, or a charitable disposition.

    11. Test a servant while in the discharge of his duty, a relative in difficulty, a friend in adversity, and a wife in misfortun.

    12. He is a true friend who does not forsake us in time of need, misfortune, famine, or war, in a king's court, or at the crematorium (smasana).

    13. He who gives up what is imperishable for that which is perishable, loses that which is imperishable; and doubtlessly loses that which is perishable also.

    14. A wise man should marry a virgin of a respectable family even if she is deformed. He should not marry one of a low-class family, through beauty. Marriage in a family of equal status is preferable.

    15. Do not put your trust in rivers, men who carry weapons, beasts with claws or horns, women, and members of a royal family

    16. Even from poison extract nectar, wash and take back gold if it has fallen in filth, receive the highest knowledge (Krsna consciousness) from a low born person; so also a girl possessing virtuous qualities (stri-ratna) even if she were born in a disreputable family.

    17. Women have hunger two-fold, shyness four-fold, daring six-fold, and lust eight-fold as compared to men.

Monsanto-Discussion with the US Ambassador Scott DeLsi

 I wrote in 9 December 2011 in response to the US Ambassador to Nepal, Scott H. DeLisi facebook post dated 2 Dec on the Monsanto titled "Setting the record straight on hybrid seeds" at https://www.facebook.com/notes/scott-h-delisi/setting-the-record-straight-on-hybrid-seeds/184148695011816
Your Excellency,
Namaste! We, Nepalese people are very grateful to you for your outstanding cooperation, friendliness, being very supportive towards our youth and people and making us and our people (leaders, politicians, political parties' cadres) aware about the democratic norms and rules to be followed.
I know it is not wise to post on other people's wall and especially yours being an ambassador of US I shouldn't dare to do so. However, I'm worried about our tiny beautiful country nature, farmers and people so I dare to post below on your wall. Apology for that!
Your Excellency, it would be highly appreciable if you could support in one more thing by considering deeply from your mind, body and spirit WHY we, Nepalese who loves our Nature and Farmers DON'T want MONSANTO in Nepal. Would highly appreciate if you could thoughtfully think, feel and act and understand this and don't force our government for the vested interest of US company. Please! Please! Please! I beg you! Thank you for your kind cooperation and consideration!
Monsanto Declared Worst Company of 2011 | Natural Society
Biotech giant Monsanto has been declared the Worst Company of 2011 by NaturalSociety for threatening both human health and the environment. The leader in genetically modified seeds and crops, Monsanto is currently responsible for 90 percent of the genetically engineered seed on the United States market. Outside of GM seeds, Monsanto is also the creator of the best-selling herbicide Roundup, which has spawned over 120 million hectacres of herbicide-resistant superweeds while damaging much of the soil. Despite hard evidence warning against the amplified usage of genetically modified crops, biopesticides, and herbicides, Monsanto continues to disregard all warning signs.
In a powerful review of 19 studies analysing the dangers of GMO crops such as corn and soybeans, researchers revealed some shocking information regarding the safety of these popular food staples. Researchers found that consumption of GMO corn or soybeans may lead to significant organ disruptions in rats and mice – particularly in the liver and kidneys. This is particularly concerning due to the fact that 93 percent of U.S. soybeans are known to be genetically modified. Ignoring this evidence, Monsanto continues to expand their genetic manipulation.
Monsanto’s Genetic Manipulation of Nature
Outside of genetically modifying crops, Monsanto has also created genetically modified crops containing Bt. Bt is a toxin incorporated in GMO crops that are intended to kill different insects, however Bt usage has subsequently spawned insect populations which are resistant to the biopesticide. After being exposed to Bt, many insect populations actually mutated to resist the biopesticide. So far at least 8 insect populations have developed resistance, with 2 populations resistant to Bt sprays and at least 6 species resistant to Bt crops as a whole. Farmers are therefore forced to use even more pesticides to combat the resistant bugs.
What is the answer to this problem, according to Monsanto? To further genetically modify the Bt crop to make it a super-pesticide, killing the resistant insects.
Tests, however, have concluded that further modified Bt toxin crop provided ‘little or no advantage’ in tackling the insects, despite extensive time and funding put into the research. It seems that Monsanto’s solution to everything is to further modify it into oblivion, even in the face of evidence proving this method to be highly inefficient. The research shows that this will undoubtedly lead to insects that are resistant to the most potent forms of Bt and other modified toxins, resulting in the use of even more excessive amounts of pesticides in order to combat pests.
Then the student of environmental science from TU, Sundar Layalu writes like this on the wall of US Ambassador then I don't have anything to say. "Nepal urgently needs a solution to address the problem of Food Insecurity and related hunger and, in my opinion Monsanto , however, with several evil consequences is a short term solution, no matter the research finding, declaration or any other premises and arguments. I am not speaking on behalf of any faction but still supports monsanto involvement in nepalese agriculture sector. I would like to ask the protestors , agitating from the face book, have you ever tried (even thought) about people suffering with hunger in Karnali and Khotang? Yes , there are challenges of welcoming monsanto but not serious challenge then hunger and related conflict. And more, the nature of science is always evolving, with several errors."
Then again on the same day I posted on the wall of US Ambassor to response Sundar Layalu: Sundar ji, I'm a public health professional and nature lover I'm not protesting but just worry about its consequences that will bring to us and our country. But you as an environmental science student favour of Monsanto then I don't have anything to say. If US government and You can guaranteed that there will be no starvation, health problems and illnesses like Cancer-obesity, diabetes, environment/nature/soil will not be degradable and our famers will not suffer and no food insecurity then I wouldn't advocate against it. Please GUARANTEED these this then let's welcome MANSANTO. It might be worth watching this video "A great documentary exposing the evil agricultural nightmare called Monsanto and the story of Roundup and Roundup Ready Soybeans. A 2004 documentary film which makes an in-depth investigation into unlabeled, patented, genetically engineered foods that have quietly made their way onto grocery stores in the United States for the past decade. It voices the opinions of farmers in disagreement with the food industry and details the impacts on their lives and livelihoods from this new technology, and shines a light on the market and political forces that are changing what we eat. The film decries the cost of a globalized food industry on human lives around the world, and highlights how international companies are gradually driving farmers off the land in many countries. Potential global dependence of the human race on a limited number of global food corporations is discussed, as is the increased risk of ecological disasters -- such as the Irish Potato Famine (1845--1849) -- resulting from the reduction of biological diversity due to the promotion of corporate sponsored monoculture farming. The issue of incorporating a terminator gene into plant seeds is questioned, with concern being expressed about the potential for a widespread catastrophe affecting the food supply, should such a gene contaminate other plants in the wild. Legal stories reported by the film related how a number of farmers in North America have been sued by Monsanto; and the defendant of the Monsanto Canada Inc. v. Schmeiser case is interviewed" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cYO2k_o16E0&feature=share
Couldn't stop myself then again I posted: Sundar ji as far as I know in Nepal even in the Karnali region and Khotang our people are not dying because of hunger like in Somalia and other African region. With little technological improvement in our agriculture system food production can be significiantly increased in Nepal. Hunta you are right there is one saying in Nepal "Heeree ra marnu bhanda chheeree ra marnu janti" if people in Karnali region and Khotang are dying because of hunger if you think then it is better to bring Monsanto in Nepal. It is good for us, health professionals because we'll get more job and research opportunities for people with cancer, diabetes and other health related problems. http://www.facebook.com/l.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fnaturalsociety.com%2Fhungary-destroys-all-monsanto-gmo-corn-fields%2F&h=3AQG3Z2LaAQEVwkH_gTmmhMmyKYjl8ZxNeOQ5ZY-0C6SGFw
Mr. DeLisi response to me: "Laxmi Tamang I appreciate your comments and read through them. I don't mind in the least that you disagree with me on the issues related to hybrid seed etc. Unfortunately, your posting did not permit me to comment, however, or otherwise respond even though it was posted on my page, thus it was removed. My point remains, however, that I am not the one you need to debate these issues with -- I am not an expert on these issues and do not claim to be. More to the point, however, the discussion of Nepal's agricultural future needs to be shared by and between Nepalis who must determine the nation's course. Your points should be part of that discussion."


Then again I responded to him in this way:
Thank you very much your Excellency for your kind response to my posting about Monsanto. Apologise for your inconvenience it was my misunderstanding because as per your last comments concerning welcoming Nepalese views I posted it. I didn't realise that it was inappropriate but anyway appreciated for your concern. Now any how Monsanto is going to introduce in Nepal. Appreciated for imposing Monsanto in Nepal. It means that our people will not die due to hunger, starvation and food shortage which is happening now in our country. It also means that there will be more food production in Nepal so that we can sell to our two gigantic neighbouring countries so that we can be economically sound and also more employment will be created. In the past our farmers in the eastern region and western region already became the victim of hybrid seeds of corns and rice hopefully, it will not happen again. Also, hopefully, they don't have to commit suicide because of Monsanto and hybrid seeds in the near future. Once again thank you so much for your great worry about the food insecurity of Nepali people and thoughtful action towards it.

Then he responded my comment like this: “Keep posting, Laxmi. I DO welcome posts on my wall but sometimes I also have to limit a few. I think that the issues not just Monsanto and I also believe there are many misinformed comments on the subject. That is not the conversation I want to have ominate this page.”

Friday, 2 December 2011

How to Choose a Journal for your Scientific Publication?

Obtained from Science for All

Resources for Scientists and Science Lovers

How to Choose a Journal for your Scientific Publication?

Each journal has a set of guidelines that you will need to follow strictly before submitting your manuscript. Usually, you will find these guidelines on the Journal’s homepage under the Instructions to Authors section. You can choose the journal where you will submit your article before you start writing it and I encourage you to do so. However, most of the time, authors find it more convenient to start writing while they think about it. There are many ways to choose a journal and this is a really important decision that you shouldn’t take slightly. I recommend you to evaluate in order:

The scope. You will usually find information on the field of expertise of each journal on their homepage or in a specific rubric. Depending on the journal, the scope can be really vast or on the opposite really narrow. The larger the scope, the more difficult it is to publish an article usually, considering the number of submissions you would have to compete with. The chances are less people are working on the exact same specific field as you, so if you find a journal that specializes in it, you might have a better chance to publish your article. The country of issue of the journal can also be an important factor to consider. Why not try a journal in your own language for example?

The impact factor. This is the most widely used criterion to estimate the value of a journal and even of a scientist. The impact factor is based on the number of times a journal or article is referred to in other publications, and gives an authority index. All impact factors are indexed every year in the Thomson’s Reuter’s Journal Citation Reports and in the ISI Web of Knowledge. They can depend highly on the discipline but in any case a higher number means a more important contribution.

The last articles published and the guidelines. A good indication to what article could be accepted in a specific journal would be the publications of the last issues. Indeed, trying to publish an article on the genetics of a neurological disease in a journal of neurology that never published any genetic studies might not be a very smart decision. Thankfully, the editor who receives your paper is the one who decides if the article is suitable for the journal and if not, will send it back to you within a week. On another hand, if the journal you are interested in just published a study very similar to yours, you might want to try another journal. Check also the guidelines. Some journals are more stringent than others and if you are having trouble formatting your article, you might want to consider another journal.

The turnaround and publication speed. It is almost impossible to predict how long it will take for you to receive an answer from the editor and the reviewers, since those be different for each paper. However, the usual turnaround time varies between 1 week and 6 months. An option is to ask colleagues who published in the same journal to have an idea of how long they waited. Concerning the publication speed, you can find it on most articles, usually on the first page, where the journal will publish an article history wit the dates of reception, acceptance and final publication. If you want to publish your results as soon as possible, you might want to try a short or special report instead.

Past experience and editor. After all, who knows better than yourself where to send the article? Think carefully about your article and estimate its level of importance. Keep in mind the other articles you read on the same subject and where they were published. Remember the other articles you published and where you had the most pleasant experience. You can also investigate the editor’s identity; it’s a good indication on the authority of the journal.

Finally, considering the rush you have and the importance of your paper, one option is to try the highest journal you’d like and if it gets rejected, to send it a lower authority journal until it is finally accepted for publication.

http://scienceforall.org/2010/02/03/how-to-choose-a-journal-for-your-scientific-publication/

Friday, 21 October 2011

Activities Carried out to date

- Collaborated with Professor Tim Usherhood, University of Sydney and Professor Jenny Reath, University of Western Sydney and Dr. Angel Magar at the Nepal Health Research Council to organise "National and International Perspectives on Scientific Health Research Workshop" in Kathmandu, Nepal.  The workshop took place in 17 October with the objective of  promoting scientific health research activities in Nepal. For details visit at http://www.xenomed.com/community/index.php?threads/national-and-international-perspectives-on-scientific-health-research.614/

- Helped Dr Louise McDonnell and his family to make MoMo on 24 Sep to organise Triva Night to raise fund for the scholarship for MBBS students at Patan Academy Health Sciences, Nepal. Learn more at http://www.nepalhealthscholarships.org.au/index.php?p=1_22. Dr. McDonnell raised AUS$ 9000 from Triva Night for this purpose.

- Supported in the facilitation of the Global Organisation for Maternal and Child Health and Global Health Media Project to collaborate in Nepal for their project implementation.

- Involved in raising the fund for treatment of severely malnourished girl child, Jamuna Budha Magar from remote distict (Rukum) of western part of Nepal. She was just weighed 12 kg at the aged of 12. In a 15 days online campaign we were able to raised nearly NPR. 350,000 from Nepalese across the globe. For details visit at https://www.facebook.com/#!/groups/178940942172037/.

- Similarly, raised NPR. 50,000 for the support of Buddhist Nun who had gang rapped in the eastern part of Nepal in June.

- Contributed NPR. 76,000 (Aus $ 1000) for the cleaning campaign of temple organised by Nepal Unites in Kathmandu-August.

- Attended the Australian National University (ANU) Asia Pacific Week 2011 Conference from 10-14 July in Canberra. It is a memorable and rich learning experience that has provided plateform to network with world's top university 100 scholars i.e. Harvard University, Oxford University, Cambridge University, Cornell University, ANU, etc.

- Attended the AusAID Leaderhship Development Program workshop from 1-4 July in the Kangaroo Valley Golf and Country Resort, New South Wales. The experience was awesome with full of insightful learning experiences.

- Attended International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) 29th Triennial Congress from 19-23 June in Durban, South Africa.

- Coordinated with Ms. Cathy Ellis, Midwifery Instructor of the University of British Columbia  and Ms. Kiran Bajracharya, President, Midwifery Society of Nepal for the sponsorship of Ms. Rashmi Rajopadhyaya, Deputy Nursing Director, Patan Hospital to attend the ICM 29th Triennial Congress in Durban, South Africa.

- From my own out of pocket fund saved from my own stipend contributed US $1050 for the registration fee of Ms. Rashmi Rajopadhyaya, Deputy Nursing Director, Patan Hospital to attend the International Confederation of Midwives 29th Triennial Congress in Durban, South Africa.

- Submitted manuscript to the Nepal Health Research Council on May 30, and Midwifery Today on May 20. To learn about the latter article visit at http://www.midwiferytoday.com/articles/BirthNepal.asp.

Sunday, 4 September 2011

A Girl child being unsafe from her own father: Another case from Nepal

It is very sad to hear day-by-day girls are being raped in Nepal. In 2009, 12 years old girl from Jha ethnic group being raped by her own blood relation father in Sanepa, Lalitpur (posted in June 12, 2011). In June 29, 2011 Nepali Buddhist nun (by caste Tamang) had gang-raped by five men (bus drivers including their helpers) in the eastern region of Nepal, Khadbari.

Again, now another 14 years old, Astha Chaudhary from Tharu community in the western part of Nepal, Kailali district has raped since last one and half year by her own blood relation father as reported by Avenues television "Khabar Bhitra Ko Khabar" (dated Sep 2, 2011 at http://www.nepshow.com/2011/09/khabar-bhitra-ko-khabar-september-2nd.html). 

Fade of hearing and listening these kinds of news from our societies. What's going on these men in our societies? Why men die for sex? How daughters or girls can be protected from these inhumane men (own father and others) in Nepal or elsewhere?  

Saturday, 3 September 2011

Discussion about Uterus Prolapse Surgery Camp in Nepal

My response to Dr. Aruna Uprety's Email (below):

Dear All,

I would like to add on to Dr. Aruna points.

We shouldn't make women health problems as an earning source for our health professionals (doctors, nurses, AHWs, HAs, etc). We shouldn't treat those poor and rural suffering women as a commodity. They are human beings like everyone of us. Therefore, we've to respect their rights, if we can't respect their rights then at least the client's rights. Everyone of us know that client's rights or women's rights are human rights. Why we health professionals don't understand this? Why we are coming inhumane? Just because they are poor and uneducated for what? Why we are playing in their lives? Why don't we think strategically and seriously in saving their lives with dignity and respect? Instead of operating thyroid gland why are we, health professionals are removing woman's uterus? Why in the name of Compreshensive Abortion Care we are allowing to kill and murder so many unborn girl child through sex-selective abortion? Why can't we stop this?
As Professor Mahmoud Fathalla from Federation of International Gynaecologist and Obstetrician said  "Women are not dying because of diseases we cannot treat... they are dying because societies have yet to make the decision that their lives are worth saving" is very true in the context of Nepal.

Why we health professionals don't understand that preventing maternal death and illness is an issue of social justice and women's human rights? Why don't we understand that making motherhood safer requires women's human rights to be guaranteed and respected? These include their rights to good quality services and information during and after pregnancy and childbirth; their right to make their own decisions about their health freely, without coercion or violence, and with full information; and the removal of barriers legal, political, and health that contribute to maternal mortality.

Governments have an obligation to address the causes of poor maternal health through their political, health and legal systems. International treaties and national constitutions that have been signed by the govenrment address basic human rights must be applied to safe motherhood issues in order to guarantee all women the right to make free and informed decisions about their health, and access to quality services before, during, and after pregnancy and childbirth, and their entire reproductive life.

As William Pen said “Right is right, even if everyone is against it; and wrong is wrong, even if everyone is for it”.

We have to stop playing professionals' politics in the lives of women and newborn's health.

Best regards
Laxmi Tamang


From: aruna uprety <arunauprety@yahoo.ca>
To: Dr Angel NHRC <
ang2el@gmail.com>; Dr Geetha Rana <geetharana@gmail.com>; Laxmi Tamang <laxtshering@yahoo.com>; samita <samita@info.com.np>
Cc: Kiran Bajracharya <
kiran_baj54@yahoo.com>; "bhattarai.dpk@gmail.com" <bhattarai.dpk@gmail.com>; Uttam Lama Kantipur Publication <bhlon22@gmail.com>; Dr Naresh Pratap KC <npkc@hotmail.com>
Sent: Saturday, 3 September 2011 12:46 PM
Subject: Re: Fw: Uterine Prolapse surgery camp.Dr. Aruna uprety
Dear all
it is very important issue and would be very happy to work on this issue. On PU surgery in the district level hospitals we have found many challenges, Quality is compramised, 50 opeattion per day had been conducted in Sirha district Hospital and other local private hospital and very poor quality of post overate care had been provided for women. I am writing on this issue and had raised this issue many time.
How can a doctor perform  25 operations a day ? 
How come women  and families are not given any counselling?  
In Siraha Hospital  Chief of the hospital stated " six months ago one organization came to provide operation for women with PU.  They  conducted 550 operations  in ten days time. After they left 100 cases of complications came to our hospital and i will never allow them to come again here ,.The government also should think that  opearttions in this way will not good for women. It has become a business  and   we are worried about this.  In Kathamndu INGOs provide money but Monitoring and evaluation of those program has  not been done."
We need to stop " targeted approach for prolapsed cases.
Dr. Aruna urepty  

Sunday, 24 July 2011

Leaders, Leadership, Success and Achievement: Inspirational quotes to refresh the spirit and boost the emotional bank account


"The art of leadership is saying no, not yes. It is very easy to say yes." ~ Tony Blair


"A leader is someone who creates infectious enthusiasm"- Ted Turner

“Leaders aren't born, they are made. And they are made just like anything else, through hard work”- Vince Lombardi

"If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader"- John Quincy Adams

“The leader has a clear idea of what he wants to do professionally and personally,
and the strength to persist in the face of setbacks, even failures”- Warren G. Bennis

“A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way”- John C. Maxwell
“If you want to lead, first learn how to follow”- Rick Beneteau

“A leader takes people where they want to go. A great leader takes people where they don't necessarily want to go but ought to be”- Rosalynn Carter

“Managers help people see themselves as they are; Leaders help people to see themselves better than they are”- Jim Rohn

"Leadership is action, not position"- Donald H. McGannon

"Leadership is no longer about your position. It's now more about your passion for excellence and making a difference. You can lead without a title"- Robin Sharma

"Leadership is based on a spiritual quality; the power to inspire, the power to inspire others to follow"-Vince Lombardi

"In the past a leader was a boss. Today's leaders must be partners with their people, they no longer can lead solely based on positional power"- Ken Blanchard

"The ear of the leader must ring with the voices of the people"-Woodrow Wilson

"Management is efficiency in climbing the ladder of success; leadership determines whether the ladder is leaning against the right wall"- Stephen R. Covey

“Honesty is the cornerstone of all success, without which confidence and ability to perform cease to exist”- Mary Kay Ash

“It is literally true that you can succeed best and quickest by helping others to succeed”- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)

“Our goals can only be reached through a vehicle of a plan, in which we must fervently believe,
and upon which we must vigorously act. There is no other route to success”- Pablo Picasso

“Nature gave us two ends: one to sit on and one to think with. Ever since then, man's success or failure has been dependent on the one he used most”- Robert Albert Bloch

“The secret of success is consistency of purpose”- Benjamin Disraeli

“Talent is a dreadfully cheap commodity, cheaper than table salt. What separates the talented individual from the successful one is a lot of hard work and study”- Stephen King

“The path to success is to take massive, determined action”- Anthony Robbins

“Focus on the possibilities for success, not on the potential for failure”- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)

“Desire is the starting point of all achievement”- Napoleon Hill

“All successful men and women are big dreamers. They imagine what their future could be, ideal in every respect, and then they work every day toward their distant vision, that goal or purpose”-Brian Tracy

“There is only one thing that makes a dream impossible to achieve: the fear of failure”- Paulo Coelho

“Success is neither magical or mysterious. Success is the natural consequence of consistently applying the basic fundamentals”- Jim Rohn

“Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed “- Booker T. Washington

“Patience, persistence and perspiration make an unbeatable combination for success”- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)

“There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work and learning from failure”- Colin L. Powell

“Success is not measured by what a person accomplishes, but by the opposition they have encountered, and by the courage with which they have maintained the struggle against overwhelming odds”- Charles Lindberg

“Success is the maximum utilization of the ability that you have”- Zig Ziglar

“Success has nothing to do with what you gain in life or accomplish for yourself. It's what you do for others”- Danny Thomas

“You are a success when you have made friends with your past, are focused on the present, and are optimistic about your future”- Zig Ziglar

“Striving for success without hard work is like trying to harvest where you haven't planted”-David Bly

“The dictionary is the only place where success comes before work”- Arthur Brisbane

“To succeed you need to find something to hold on to, something to motivate you, something to inspire you”- Tony Dorsett

“The secret of success is constancy to purpose”- Benjamin Franklin

“Success is connected with action. Successful people keep moving. They make mistakes, but they don't quit”- Conrad Hilton

 “You never achieve real success unless you like what you are doing”- Dale Carnegie

“The person with the most flexibility has the best chance of achieving the outcome he or she desires”- Tony Jeary

“Efforts and courage are not enough without purpose and direction”- John F. Kennedy

“What you get by achieving your goals is not as important as what you become by achieving your goals”- Zig Ziglar

“If you wait until all the lights are 'green' before you leave home, you'll never get started on your trip to the top”- Zig Ziglar

“The starting point of all achievement is desire. Keep this constantly in mind. Weak desires bring weak results, just as a small amount of fire makes a small amount of heat”- Napoleon Hill

“Achievement requires more than a vision - it takes courage, resolve and tenacity. All you have got to do is plant that seed in your mind, care for it, work steadily toward your goal, and it will become a reality”- Earl Nightingale

“You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself any direction you choose”- Theodor Seuss Geisel (1904–1991) - American writer and illustrator

“An ounce of action is worth a ton of theory”- Freidrich Engels

“It is not enough to be busy, so are the ants. The question is - What are we busy about?”- Henry David Thoreau

“When you focus on what's wrong, you get more of what's wrong. Conversely, when you focus on what's right, you get more of what's right”- Gina Mollicone-Long

“The starting point of all achievement is desire. Keep this constantly in mind. Weak desires bring weak results, just as a small fire makes a small amount of heat”- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)
“Create a definite plan for carrying out your desire, and begin at once, whether you're ready or not, to put it into action”- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)

“You can never cross the ocean unless you have the courage to lose sight of the shore”-Christopher Columbus

“No man or woman is an island. To exist just for yourself is meaningless. You can achieve the most satisfaction when you feel related to some greater purpose in life, something greater than yourself”- Denis Waitley

“Better to do something imperfectly than to do nothing flawlessly”- Dr. Robert Schuller

“Achievers rarely, if ever, see a problem as permanent, while those who fail see even the smallest problems as permanent”- Tony Robbins

“We are built to conquer environment, solve problems, achieve goals, and we find no real satisfaction or happiness in life without obstacles to conquer and goals to achieve”- Maxwell Maltz

“Without continual growth and progress, such words as improvement, achievement, and success have no meaning”- Benjamin Franklin

“Goals are like stepping-stones to the stars. They should never be used to put a ceiling or a limit on achievement”- Denis Waitley

“Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence”- Helen Keller

“A wish is a desire without energy”- Paramanhansa Yogananda

“You accomplish victory step by step, not by leaps and bounds”- Lyn St. James

“Obstacles don't have to stop you. If you run into a wall, don't turn around and give up. Figure out how to climb it, go through it, or work around it”- Michael Jordan

“All men who have achieved great things have been great dreamers”- Orison Swett Marden

“Lots of people limit their possibilities by giving up easily. Never tell yourself this is too much for me. It's no use. I can't go on. If you do you're licked, and by your own thinking too. Keep believing and keep on keeping on”- Norman Vincent Peale
“Champions are propelled by desire, not compelled by fear”- Denis Waitley

“Start by doing what is necessary, then do what is possible, and suddenly you are doing the impossible”- St. Francis of Assisi

“A decision is made with the brain. A commitment is made with the heart. Therefore, a commitment is much deeper and more binding than a decision”- Nido Qubein

“To show your true ability is always, in a sense, to surpass the limits of your ability, to go a little beyond them: to dare, to seek, to invent; it is at such a moment that new talents are revealed, discovered, and realized”- Simone de Beauvoir

“Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence”- Helen Keller

“Only one thing is ever guaranteed, that is that you will definitely not achieve the goal if you don't take the shot”- Wayne Gretzky

“What the mind can conceive and believe, it can achieve”- Napoleon Hill

“It is time for us all to stand and cheer for the doer, the achiever - the one who recognizes the challenges and does something about it”- Vince Lombardi

“Destiny is not a matter of chance, it is a matter of choice. It is not a thing to be waited for, it is a thing to be achieved”- Jeremy Kitson

“To accomplish great things, we must not only act, but also dream; not only plan, but also believe”- Anatole France

“If you change the way you look at things, the things you look at change”- Wayne Dyer




"Desire is the key to motivation, but it’s the determination and commitment to an unrelenting pursuit of your goal – a commitment to excellence – that will enable you to attain the success you seek"- Mario Andretti


"The starting point of all achievement is desire. Keep this constantly in mind. Weak desires bring weak results, just as a small amount of fire makes a small amount of heat"- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)


"Desire is the starting point of all achievement, not a hope, not a wish, but a keen pulsating desire which transcends everything "- Napoleon Hill


"Create a definite plan for carrying out your desire, and begin at once, whether you're ready or not, to put it into action"- Napoleon Hill (1883-1970)


"If you wait until all the lights are 'green' before you leave home, you'll never get started on your trip to the top"-Zig Ziglar

"Achievement requires more than a vision - it takes courage, resolve and tenacity. All you have got to do is plant that seed in your mind, care for it, work steadily toward your goal, and it will become a reality"- Earl Nightingale

"You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself any direction you choose"-Theodor Seuss Geisel (1904–1991) - American writer and illustrator

"Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence"- Helen Keller
See more


“If I have the belief that I can do it, I will surely acquire the capacity to do it, even if I may not have it at the beginning”- Mahatma Gandhi


"The person with the most flexibility has the best chance of achieving the outcome he or she desires"-Tony Jeary


"Efforts and courage are not enough without purpose and direction"- John F. Kennedy


"Winners don't do different things, They do things differently"-Shiv Khera


“When one door closes, another opens; but we often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door that we do not see the one which has opened for us.” – Alexander Graham Bell


"An ounce of action is worth a ton of theory"- Freidrich Engels


"It is not enough to be busy, so are the ants. The question is - What are we busy about?"- Henry David Thoreau


"Without continual growth and progress, such words as improvement, achievement, and success have no meaning"- Benjamin Franklin

"Each of us was born with wings and has the ability to go farther than we ever thought possible, to do things beyond our wildest imaginings"- Barbara Stanny


"To accomplish great things, we must not only act, but also dream; not only plan, but also believe"- Anatole France

Saturday, 16 July 2011

Midwifery Education Program in Nepal: Recommence in the Tribhuvan University

In Nepal, there is large of number of nursing, medical and health science colleges from where large number of different types and level of health professionals are producing every year. Every year almost 1000 doctors, 5000 nurses and more than 6000 paramedics and allied health workers are graduating in the country. However, even in this 21th century still there is no separate education program from where professional midwife can be produced or trained. 

A midwife is a health professional considered expert in caring and assisting women during their normal pregnancies and childbirths. They provide care to childbearing women respecting their rights in a humanistic manner taking into consideration of social-cultural aspects of a woman.

However, in Nepal nurses involve in providing maternity care. In their nursing pre-service training midwifery subjects have been incorporated because of this they are able to provide both nursing and midwifery care to the needy clients. There are mainly three types of pre-service nursing training provision in the country, namely Auxillary Nurse-Midwives-18 month course after grade 10, Diploma in Nursing (Proficiency Certificate level in Nursing)-3 years course after grade 10, and Bachelor of Nursing-4 years course after grade 12. 

The Diploma in Nursing and Auxiliary Nurse-Midwives courses are mainly provide by the Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT). CTEVT provides affiliation to private colleges to run these programs thus quality of the graduates are not satisfactory. They don't have adequate clinical placements because of the limited case-load in the clinical sites. On the other hand, the universities provide Post Basic Bachelor of Nursing (after diploma in nursing) 2 years course and Bachelor in Science in Nursing-4 years (direct entry after grade 12) and Master of Nursing-2 years courses. But these programs are under the faculty of medicine. In Nepal, there is no separate faculty of nursing in the universities.

Only two universities, namely BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (deemed university), Dharan and Tribhuvan University provide Master of Nuring Program whereas Bachelor level nursing programs are provides by six universities. These include BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Tribhuvan University, National Academy of Medical Sciences (deemed university), Kathmandu University, Purbaanchal University and Pokhara University. Purbaanchal University provides affiliation to private colleges to run their programs (Bachelor programs) so they are compromising in the quality of nursing education and graduates' future.

In 1976, a year Diploma in post basic midwifery programme was started at Mahaboudha Nursing Campus (currently known as Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Tribhuvan University) with 10 students. But at that time this course was not recognized by Tribhuvan University as a certifying course for the bachelor level (undergraduate). Therefore, in 1978, a two year Bachelor of Nursing specializing in Midwifery Program was started with the support of the World Health Organization midwife consultants and 20 students were enrolled. The first batch graduates who did one year midwifery program in 1976 were also advised to join the program to recognize them as a bachelor's level. So, there were total 30 students. However, only 25 of them had completed the course.  Unfortunately, after producing two batches of nurses specializing in Midwifery this program had be closed down due to the unavailability of competent midwifery faculty members including other reasons. 

The Nepal Nursing Council stipulates the norms for number of faculty at each level based on student intake, and the colleges/universities need to be recognized by the Nepal Nursing Council and the affiliated colleges/ campuses need to fulfill the stipulated requirements. However, midwifery education and services related rules and regulations yet to be formulated and incorporated in the Nepal Nursing Council Act. In Nepal, almost all the nursing colleges/campuses are managed by the nurses. This gives autonomy to nursing faculty to design and implement the curriculum. However, quality of nursing educations (especially Auxiliary Nurse-Midwives, diploma in nursing and post- basic bachelor in nursing) has been criticized heavily by other health professionals mainly by medical and public health professionals. There is still vast work needs to be done to improve the quality of nursing education in Nepal. Since there is no separate program to produce a professional midwife therefore, is no separate cadre of midwifery workforce in the country, who can provide leadership in the midwifery field. Thus, country is facing challenges in achieving MDG 4 and 5. Nurses working in the maternity and birthing units are generally called nurse-midwives.

The government of Nepal in the National Policy for Skilled Birth Attendants developed in 2006 acknowleged the need of producing a separate cadre of Professional Midwife to provide leadership for safe motherhood program. In line with this, Tribhuvan University is going to recommence the Bachelor of Nursing Program specialisation in Midwifery with 3 years duration from this year intake possibly in November if academic council of the university approves the curriculum. It is a great pleasure knowing about this from an Associate Professor Kiran Bajrachara at Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Tribhuvan University, who also happened to be a President of Midwifery Society of Nepal. According to her right now group of five faculty members from the University are working in a speed to finalize it incorporating midwifery contents and competencies based on the International Confederation of Midwives’ global standard for Midwifery Education Program in the existing two years bachelor of nursing course.

ANU Asia Pacific Week 2011 Conference: Experience

It was a memorable and meaningful event for me to attend the Australian National University Asia Pacific Week 2011 Conference from 10-14 July hosted by the Australian National University that had brought together leading experts on the region and one hundred of the specially selected undergraduate and postgraduate students of the world's top university from around the world to engage in a series of academic and networking events focused on the Asia Pacific region developments and trends. Delegates were mainly specialising on the public policy, economic,  international law, international business, international relations, international business, public health, and human rights represented from 40 different universities and 24 countries.

The sessions were held in the following topics:
- The Transformation of Political and Economical Power in Asia and the Pacific
- From Sorcerers to Cyber-crime
- Gendered Citizens: Human Rights and Violence in the Pacific and Asia
- China Update Book Launch
- India Goes Outwards
- The Hazardous Pacific
- Climate Change and Fiscal Policy: A Report for APEC
- An Indonesian Perspective on Asia
- Asia Pacific Master Blogging Challenge
- Japan, after the Tohoku Earthquake
- Antagorism despite Alignments: Simulating crisis over Takeshima/Dokdo (Wargame)
- Q & Asia Big Ideas at the ANU with Virginia Haussegger, ABC TV News host/journalist
- Keynote Address from the Right Honourable Malcolm Fraser AC

The conference was featured a Q & A style forum on the future of the Asia-Pacific region; a flagship conference panel on the transformation of political and economic power in Asia led by Professor Peter Drysdale and Professor Hugh White; and an address by the Right Honourable Malcolm Fraser AC, Prime Minister of Australia (1975-1983). Other leading figures who had joined the event include: Professor Peter Drysdale, Professor Hugh White, Professor Ross Garnaut, Professor Deborah Brautigam, Professor Kent Anderson, Professor Veronica Taylor, Professor Margaret Jolly, Professor Sandy Gordon; Professor Andrew Maclntyre, Professor Ariel Heryanto, Professor Greg Fealy, Dr. Judith Healy, Dr. Nicholas Farrelly, Dr. Andrew Walker, Dr. Shiro Armstrong, Dr. Brendan Taylor, Dr. Admiral Chris Barrie AC, Dr. Katherine Morton, Professor Jenny Corbett, Professor Tessa Morris-Suzuki and Professor Stephen Howes from the ANU; Professor Yiping Huang, Peking University; Professor Raghbendra Jha from the Australian Research Council; Dr. Ahmad Ahsan from the World Bank; Professor Sisira Jayasuriya and Dr. Nabu Yamashita from the La Trobe University.

To be in touch with the delegates for the future collaboration facebook network group has been created on the third day of the conference and also explored other options of sharing and networking strategies.

Corruption in Nepal: A major challenge for the development

"Both bribe receiver and bribe offerer are enemies of the nation" Prithivi Narayan Shah, the Founder of the Modern Nepal.

Understanding Corruption:
Corruption is a complex and multifaceted phenomena with multiple causes and effects, as it takes on various forms and functions in different contexts. The phenomenon of corruption ranges from single act of activity contradicted by law to way of life of an individuals or groups. The definition of corruption ranges from the broad terms of 'misuse of power and authority' to 'moral decay' (Amundsen; Sissener and Soreide 2000). Corruption is the misuse of public goods by public officials, for private gains. In simple terms corruption may be described as “an act of bribery” or “the use of public power for private profits in a way that constitutes a breach of law or a deviation from the norms of society (Amundsen 2000)". It is a misuse of authority as a result of consideration of personal gain, which is not necessarily monetary. This private gain is achieved by ignoring prohibitions against certain acts, by exercising legitimate discretion to act, or by fulfilling obligations to act. This is the abuse or misuse of public offices, professional rights and duties for personal gains.

The national institutional level corruption takes place between the government (the executive) and the administrative and bureaucratic institutions (the civil service, judiciary, legislature, and local authorities). The relationship can be corrupted because of overlapping and conflicting authority, political power struggles over access to scarce resources, and personal relationship of dependence and loyalty. Other contributing factors are, a weak separation between civil service and partisan politics, a weak professionalization of the bureaucracy, a lack of accountability and transparency, and deficient political control and auditing. The more discretion officials have through abundant, complex and non-transparent regulations, the more corruption becomes likely (Amundsen 2000; Bista 1991; Pyakuryal 2000).
On the national societal level, the corrupt relationship happens between the state and various nonstate actors– corrupt state officials and the supplier of the bribes. It can be the general public, any nongovernmental and nonpublic individual, corporate and organizational, domestic and external (Subedi 2005).

Forms of Corruption
The main forms of corruption are bribery, embezzlement, fraud, and extortion. Even when these concepts are partly overlapping and at times interchangeable with other concepts, some of the basic characteristics of corruption can be identified through these concepts (Amundsen 2000).

1. Bribery: Bribery is the payment that is given or taken in a corrupt relationship. A bribe is a fixedsum, a certain percentage of a contact, or any other favors in money or kind, usually paid to a state official who can make contracts on behalf of the state or otherwise distribute benefits to companies or individuals, businessmen and clients.
There are many equivalent terms to bribery, like kickbacks, gratuities, baksheesh, sweeteners, pay-off, speed and grease money, (Amundsen 2000) which are all notions of corruption as perceived from below, from public. These are payments needed or demanded to make things passed swifter, smoother or more favorably through the state bureaucracy. By “greasing palms” corporations and businesses interests can buy, for instance, political favors and escape the full burden of taxation and environmental regulation, or buy protected market and monopolies, import/export licenses etc. Bribery can also be a form of “informal” taxation, when public officials charge additional amount under-the-table payments (called ghush in Nepali) or expected “gifts” from clients.

2. Embezzlement: It is the theft of public resources by public officials, which is another form of misappropriation of public funds. Embezzlement happens when a state official steals goods and resources from the public institution in which he/she is employed, and from resources he/she is supposed to administer on behalf of the state and the public. However, corrupt employees in private firms can also embezzle money and other resources from their employers. In Nepal, embezzlement is one of the most important modes of economic accumulation (Subedi 2005). In fact political leaders and higher administrative bureaucrats are earning money by this method. Otherwise, how is it possible to earn multi million rupees within a few years of bureaucratic post or being a political authority? It is a fundamental part of the resource extractive capacity of the ruling elite, and it should be taken more seriously than extraction through bribes.Another form of embezzlement is - some power holders systematically use their political office to enter into, secure and expand their private business interests. In Nepal, the political elites have link with businessperson, decision makers and control media personnel, development workers and human rights activists through their contact (Subedi 2005). They hold a major share in private schools and colleges, and nursing homes, pharmaceutical companies, transport and media and many more ventures.

3. Fraud: This is a serious crime that involves some kind of dishonesty, swindling or cheating. When the ministers, bureaucrats and academicians take their share for closing their eyes when they have an active role in it. This is also known as phohari khel or phohari rajniti, 'dirty politics'. Dirty politics include, giving unnecessary loans that will never be paid back, provide contracts without competition, issuing license to manufacture poor qualities of medicines to pharmaceutical companies, approving bills without proper supervision, select less qualified and unskilled persons, transferring qualified bureaucrats to other places if he/she is not favoring political authority. This dirty politics is tied to the interest of national and international agencies and authorities and the dominant feudal culture. In Nepal, dirty politics is playing a major role in the selecting, nominating and promoting of less qualified, politically corrupt people in vital posts (Subedi 2005).

4. Extortion: It is money and other resources extracted by the use of coercion, violence or threat to use force. By creating an atmosphere of insecurity where individual citizens, private businesses and public officials are harassed and intimidated. Only those who pay the protection money will be exempted from further harassment. With more or less concealed threats, rulers can extract resources from private source businesses. These businesses rarely take the chance of refusing state or ruling party officials. The present political conflict has played very important role for promoting such extortion in Nepal (Subedi 2005).

5. Favoritism:  It is a mechanism of power abuse implying “privatization” and a highly biased distribution of state resources, no matter how these resources have been accumulated in the first place. It is the tendency to favor family, friends, relatives, clan, caste, ethnic group, gender, race, place of origin, members from the same party, and anybody closed and trusted. In political sphere, it is the liking of state officials and politicians who have access to state resources and the power to decide upon the distribution of these, to give preferential treatment to certain people. In Nepal, the Prime Minister has the constitutional rights to appoint all high-ranking positions, legal or customary rights that extend exceedingly the possibilities for favoritism (Subedi 2005). It easily adds up to several hundred positions within the ministries, diplomatic organization and other line agencies.

6. Nepotism: It is a special form of favoritism, in which an office holder (ruler) prefers his proper kinfolk and family members (wife, son, daughter, brother, sister, nephew, cousins, in-laws etc.). In Nepal, almost all political leaders have tried to secure their power position by nominating their family members to political, economic, various public councils and committees and security positions in the state apparatus (Subedi 2005). Through such mechanisms, many politicians and bureaucrats have been able to move their family members from public position into private business, to transfer public power to private wealth. Favoritism is not only a legal problem, but also a problem of flawed qualifications, lacking skills and inefficiency (Amundsen 2000). Further where public position is strongly correlated to possibilities of corrupt and extractive practices, favoritism can secure substantial prerogatives and profit for certain families, clans or some social subgroups.: Bribery is the payment that is given or taken in a corrupt relationship. A bribe is a fixed sum, a certain percentage of a contact, or any other favors in money or kind, usually paid to a state official who can make contracts on behalf of the state or otherwise distribute benefits to companies or individuals, businessmen and clients.like kickbacks, gratuities, baksheesh, sweeteners, pay-off, speed and grease money, (Amundsen 2000) which are all notions of corruption as perceived from below, from public. These are payments needed or demanded to make things passed swifter, smoother or more favorably through the state bureaucracy. Bribery can also be a form of “informal” taxation, when public officials charge additional amount under-the-table payments (called ghush in Nepali) or expected “gifts” from clients (Subedi 2005).

Corruption in Nepal: At a Glance
After the restoration of democracy in Nepal, it has observed a significant institutional development in the political sphere of the country. Many small political parties have been emerged while many new faces have been seen in the major political parties. However, key political affairs in the country is still-like in Panchayat days- being run by the few elites that control, influence and manipulate the construction of political and economic mainstream of modern Nepal (Subedi 2001). These elites maintain the formal as well as informal networks within their groups. These practices are too deeply embedded in the lives and social interaction of society and it is doubtful they will change in the near future (Levitt 1999). On the one hand, we are reading the news and views of corruption in everyday newspapers and seminars and on the other hand, corrupt people are enjoying political power, property and honor. Of these, the major forms of corruptions that are being practiced in Nepal are Bribe (payment of cash), Chakari (to wait upon, to serve, to appease, and to seek favor from politically or administratively well off people),  and Afno Manche (One's own people).

Key Holders of Corruption in Nepal (Subedi 2005)
- Public Servants (bureaucrats i.e. civil servant, judiciary, legislature, and local authorities)
- Politicians (Political parties leaders holding important positions)

- Big businessmen
- Prime Minsters and Ministers

There are different ministries in the Nepalese government, which are regarded as gold mines for making money. Defense Ministry, Home Ministry, Ministry of Finance, for example, spend a huge amount of total budget every year and it is said that commission between 15 to 50% are not uncommon on purchasing of weapons, spare parts, emergency expenditure, payments of bills, passing bills, issuing cheques, approving supplies, settlements of disputes and so forth. Nepalese people say that out of total cost sanctioned for the project, about 30% is invested in the work, 30% on contractor’s profit, and 40% goes into various ministers’ and officers’ pockets. The power enjoyed by ministers and police are so wide that they can accuse, arrest, and harass even an honest person. It is said that the failure to pay commission results in delay in getting the bill passed and receiving the cheque.

In conclusion, to understand and fight against corruption, the legal definition of corruption is too narrow and only concerns with legal procedure, legal evidences and ignores the people’s own assessment of courses of action. If we only give priority to legally sanctioned sphere and ignore socially sanctioned sphere, it is very difficult to fight against corruption in Nepal. This is related to democratization process. Economic and political competition, transparency and accountability, coupled with democratic principles of checks and balance, are the necessary instruments to restrict corruption and power abuse. Civil society should hate, boycott culturally and socially corrupt people for introducing people oriented good government which should be transparent and accountable.

Acknowledged: This write up has been mostly excerpted from the Subedi 2005.

References
Amundsen, Inge 2000, Corruption: Definition and Concepts. Chr. Michelsen Institute Development Studies and Human Rights.

Amundsen, Inge; Tone Sissener and Tina Soreide 2000, Research on Corruption: A Policy Oriented Survey. Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) & Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo/Bergen.

Bista, Dor Bahadur 1991, Fatalism and Development: Nepal’s Struggle for Modernization. Orient Longman Limited, Calcutta.

Gupta, Akhil 1995, "Blurred boundaries: the discourse of corruption, the culture of politics and the imagined state."  American Ethnologists. Vol.22, No.2, Pp 375-402.

Lederman et al. 2001, Accountability and Corruption: Political Institutions Matter. World Bank, Washington.

Levitt, Marta 1999, "A Culturally Appropriate Health Intervention in Conflict with Nepali Management Culture". In Ram Bahadur Chhetri and Om Gurung (eds.) Anthropology and Sociology of Nepal: Cultures, Societies, Ecology and Development. Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal (SASON), Kathmandu, Nepal.

Pyakuryal, Kailash Nath 2000, Restoration of Demecracy and People’s Empowerment in Nepal. In Occassional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology, Vol. VI (15-25). Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal.

Subedi, Madhusudan Sharma 2001, Medical Anthropology of Nepal. Udaya Books, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Subedi, Madhusudan Sharma 2005, Corruption In Nepal: An Anthropological Inquiry. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, Volume 1, Kathmandu, Nepal.

I sent following message to the Nepalese parliamentarian and constitution assembly members, namely Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal (Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist), Mr. Baburam Bhattarai (Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist) , Mr. Shashank Koirala (Nepali Congress) and Mr. Sunil Babu Pant (Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist) dated 15 July 2011 via facebook.

Hon'ble Sunil Babu Pant, Member of Parliament and Constituent Assembly who also happened to be a Founder and Director of Blue Diamond Society (BDS), an NGO established in 2001 and working for sexual minorities in Nepal.

Dear CA member,

Namaste!

Corruption Perceptions Index 2010-Nepal ranks 146 out of 178. Out of total 10 score (highly clean) to 0 (highly corrupt), Nepal scored 2.2. This result indicates a serious corruption problem.

Would appreciate if you could consider "Meta-regulation" in dealing with such problem consulting with professionals and experts and like-minded youths?

Thank you for your thoughtful consideration. (Link http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2010/results)

Discussion (Replied after 14 hours of posting by Hon'ble Sunil Babu Pant):

Sunil Babu Pant: Thank you Laxmi Ji, let me what specific I should be doing on this critical issue?

Laxmi Tamang: Thank you for your prompt thoughtful and supportive response. The first and foremost step would be to get involved with the Global Organization of Parliamentarians against Corruption (GOPAC)http://www.gopacnetwork.or​g/ and then support or get involve with the Kedar Khaka activities against corruption in Nepal and accerelate it involving Anil Chitrakar dai, Ujwal Thapa, Prasanta Singh of Nepal Unites movement. Be aquaint with "Meta Regulation" and try to bring such policy in the country. Best regards

Sunil Babu Pant: Thank you Laxmi Ji Will join the GOPAC and contacts other freinds and talk to other CA members as well.

Laxmi Tamang: We, Nepalese people have some hope only with young CA members like you, Gagan Thapa and others. Otherwise, old fellows are not going to do anything we've seen this since many years. Please do save our country prestige and status in the worl...d. It is very shameful to hear when people say your country is corrupted. We feel very bad. Since you are running BDS you might find useful visiting http://www.fundsforngos.or​g/ for grants/awards/scholarships​/funds

Sunil Babu Pant: Thank you very much for the useful link...

Laxmi Tamang: Dear Honourable CA member, apology for addressing you very rudely "Dear CA Member". It is not my intention to be a rude but it happened while writing because I didn't find right word to address you. However, you are so understandable and gentle that you didn't say anything to me. Instead you took my suggestions very constructively and be responsive towards it. This might be due to the fact that you have been directly and actively engaging in the development related works almost a decade. To get regular update of the grants, awards, funding and scholarships please subscribe to the above link. I'm heartily thankful to you for your kind cooperation and thoughtful consideration. I look forward for your active involvement in fighting against corruption in Nepal. Though it is hard but it is possible. Wish you all the best of luck in your endeavour. Best regards